World weekly: what is the reason for Shinzo Abe’s sudden resignation?

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced at a press conference on Friday that he would resign as prime minister. In fact, Abe’s term of office as president of the LDP was originally scheduled to end in September 2021, that is, the prime minister’s position can be extended to at least next year. What is the reason for Abe’s sudden resignation when he has only one year left in his term? < / P > < p > Abe: because my illness needs treatment and my physical condition is in pain, I am not allowed to make any mistakes when making important political decisions. In view of my inability to perform my duties and no longer able to confidently respond to the demands of the people, I have decided not to continue to serve as prime minister, and I will resign as prime minister. < / P > < p > just a week later, on August 24, the day Abe set a record for the number of consecutive days in office of Japanese Prime Minister, Abe went to the hospital again for examination. < / P > < p > Abe said that according to the doctor’s suggestion, the new treatment of intravenous injection will be carried out on August 31, although it may improve, but it can not guarantee the effect, so he decided to “retreat” for treatment. < / P > < p > Japanese people: I’m surprised! He looks tired, but I didn’t expect him to quit. I hope he can work harder and be Prime Minister for a while more. In September 2006, Abe became Prime Minister for the first time, becoming the first Japanese Prime Minister born after World War II and the youngest. But a year later, in September 2007, Abe suddenly resigned as Prime Minister for health reasons. < / P > < p > at that time, Japan was facing the economic downturn after the earthquake and the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, and the people were eager to have a leader who could change his luck and bring miracles out of the predicament. < / P > < p > in September 2012, Abe “made a comeback” and became the president of the then opposition Liberal Democratic Party. In the house election in December of that year, he led the Liberal Democratic Party to defeat the ruling party and become prime minister. Subsequently, Abe’s cabinet broke the previous situation of changing the government one year in Japan’s political arena, creating a long-term ruling record and making Japan’s political and economic progress smoothly. < / P > < p > according to Fuji TV, Abe worked for more than 140 days and even vomited blood after the outbreak in Japan. On August 4, Japan’s flash weekly also quoted government insiders as saying that Abe had “vomited blood” in the office of the prime minister’s residence on July 6. < / P > < p > according to the president’s medical reports collected by the Kennedy Library of the United States, when the Cuban missile crisis occurred in 1962, then President Kennedy was deeply troubled by “spastic colitis”, but Kennedy concealed his illness. In April 1919, Grayson, the personal doctor of Wilson, the then president of the United States, once wrote, “the president suddenly caught a bad cold, and the whole human civilization is at a critical moment.” < / P > < p > the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games was once regarded as the “fourth arrow” to boost Japan’s economy. According to the original plan, if Abe can attend the opening ceremony of the Tokyo Olympic Games as prime minister, it will undoubtedly set a new record. On August 28, Japan’s Kyodo News Agency reported that the Tokyo Olympic Organizing Committee will make every effort to promote the holding of the Tokyo Olympic Games and will continue to cooperate with the International Olympic Committee. < / P > < p > according to the Japanese times, just before officially announcing his resignation decision, Abe attended the “headquarters meeting on new coronavirus countermeasures”, stressing that more active detection measures need to be taken in the months before winter. < p > < p > Abe: I sincerely apologize to the people of the whole country. I will leave my post in the case of epidemic situation. My biggest regret is that I have not been able to solve the problem of abducted Japanese in my hands. I have to leave my work before reaching a peace treaty with Russia and completing the constitutional amendment. This makes me very painful! < / P > < p > the New York Times commented that in a country where prime ministers change frequently, Abe, 65, has been prime minister for nearly eight years, which is an achievement in itself. < / P > < p > Yukichi Nakano, Professor of international politics at Sofia University in Tokyo: although Mr Abe has been prime minister for seven years and eight months, he has the longest term of office. But in Japan, it’s hard for many people to figure out what particularly positive legacy he left. In December 2012, Abe, who served as Japanese Prime Minister for the second time, chanted the slogan of “economic priority” and implemented a series of economic stimulus policies, known as “abenomics”. < / P > < p > “three arrows”, the new “three arrows” and “social 5.0” and other reform measures have led to a decline in Japan’s unemployment rate and an increase in residents’ income. Although the overall range is not large and some measures are controversial, the changes in economic data have won him the support of many voters.

this year, novel coronavirus pneumonia continues to spread, making the GDP quarter of the two quarter down 7.8%, down 27.8% at an annualized rate, the worst performance since 1955. This is the third consecutive quarter of negative economic growth in Japan. As a result, Japan’s real GDP has dropped to a ten-year low, which is equivalent to that the achievements made by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe since he began to implement “abenomics” at the end of 2012 have all been returned to zero. < / P > < p > in addition to “abenomics”, diplomatic breakthrough is also an important driving point for Abe. Taking advantage of his long-term ruling power, Abe tried to “overlook the globe diplomacy”. In June this year, former US National Security Affairs Assistant Bolton wrote in his memoir that among world leaders, Abe is the best one to have personal relations with trump. < / P > < p > in mid-2019, a number of merchant ships were damaged in the Persian Gulf, and the situation in the Middle East was very tense. In June of that year, Abe went to Tehran to meet with Iranian President Rouhani, hoping to become a “middleman” between the United States and Iran. This is also the first visit to Iran by a Japanese prime minister since the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. < / P > < p > Yukichi Nakano, Professor of international politics at Sofia University in Tokyo: Japan’s relations with other Asian countries will be affected by Abe’s resignation, especially in terms of personal relations, but the most structural factor is also an increasingly important factor, which is whether Mr. trump will be re elected president of the United States. From January 2013 to January 2020, Abe visited about 80 countries and regions, surpassing the previous prime ministers of Japan, according to the documents released by Japan’s Ministry of foreign affairs. < / P > < p > analysts in Japan believe that from the perspective of party politics, the LDP has never been able to challenge Abe. From the perspective of domestic politics, the opposition parties are generally weak and unable to form an effective challenge to the LDP. Coupled with the help of the powerful “foreign aid” Komeito, Japan’s political arena has in fact formed a situation of “Abe’s dominance”, which also provides the basis for Abe’s constitutional amendment dream. In 2015, taking advantage of the ruling coalition’s seat in parliament, the LDP pushed through a series of controversial new security bills to lift the ban on the right of collective self-defense and allow the Japanese self defense forces to send troops overseas together with the allies in the name of “collective self-defense”. The main purpose of amending the security law is to send the self defense forces around the world. In this way, fundamental changes will take place in the defense policy so far, that is, the SDF only defends when Japan is attacked. < / P > < p > in June 2016, an educational institution named “senyou School Park” bought a piece of state-owned land at an extremely low price, and the transaction price was only 14% of the actual land valuation. After the incident was exposed, Japanese media questioned the involvement of political forces behind the sale of state-owned land, and Abe and his wife were suspected of being involved. < p > < p > Taidian tsuchi, President of senyou School: at that time, there were only two of us. She said, “please accept this from Prime Minister Abe.” then she gave me an envelope containing a donation of 1 million yen. < / P > < p > many Japanese people also believe that Abe’s resignation marks the end of a rare era of policy stability, which is what Japan needs most at present. < / P > < p > according to a poll conducted by Japan’s Jiji news agency in early August, the former Secretary of the Liberal Democratic Party, Shibuya Ishiguro, ranked first in the support rate for the next prime minister. < / P > < p > Shi Po Mao is 63 years old. His father was the governor of Tottori County, and his mother is a teacher. Compared with Abe, Aso, Koizumi and other political families in the LDP, he has an ordinary background. < / P > < p > like Abe, Shi Po Mao, a former Minister of foreign affairs and defense, is also a constitutional revisionist, advocating that Japan should establish a marine self-defense force, which can cooperate with the U.S. Marine Corps. < / P > < p > analysts believe that if Abe leaves office soon, Aso, who is experienced in politics, is likely to be elected as interim leader before the new party’s first choice. In 2008, Aso took over as Japanese prime minister after Abe resigned for the first time, but one year later, he stepped down because of the LDP’s disastrous defeat in the parliamentary election. < / P > < p > Wenxiong Kishida, President of the LDP’s political mediation department. According to Japan’s economic news, he is Abe’s favorite successor. In January this year, Abe publicly said that Yasuda had made it clear that he would take part in the next LDP president election and expected his action. < / P > < p > 63 year old Kishida, who served as foreign minister of Abe’s government from 2012 to 2017, is cautious on the issue of constitutional amendment and advocates strengthening the Japan US alliance. But his popularity is not high. In addition, the current defense minister taro Kono, Chief Cabinet Secretary Kan Yiwei and Environment Minister Koizumi are also regarded as strong competitors. < / P > < p > as of August 24, Abe’s total number of days in office after taking office as prime minister again has exceeded the 2798 days of former Prime Minister ryuno Sato, becoming the longest consecutive prime minister in Japan’s history. If his first term in office is included, Abe has been the longest serving Japanese prime minister since November 2019.