What doctors want to tell you in winter

Winter sometimes comes so unexpectedly, whether it is warm winter, or sudden heavy snow, the breath of winter has already slowly penetrated into you and me. This Sunday will usher in the 24 solar terms of the light snow solar term, those worrying winter high incidence also began to slowly “find door.”. Recently, Shenyang evening news and Shenbao all media interviewed doctors in many departments of the hospital. These health reminders from doctors can help you stay away from the high incidence of winter diseases and spend the winter safely. The incidence rate of

is much higher in winter than in summer due to cold weather, especially in the presence of underlying diseases. “I particularly remind patients with primary diseases to pay attention to the control of basic diseases in winter. For example, if hypertension patients do not control their blood pressure will cause increased renal pressure, diabetes patients if not well controlled, will lead to the occurrence of uremia. In particular, diabetic nephropathy has been increasing in recent years. ” < p > < p > Liu Danyang said that at the beginning of kidney problems, there was no feeling, often until the creatinine was very high, but it was too late, so we should pay attention to diet and keep warm on weekdays. “We must pay attention to a healthy diet when we eat. We should not eat tonics and health products indiscriminately, and we should not be overworked. Pay attention to keep warm in winter, avoid cold, at the same time, exercise properly, enhance the vitality of the body. Especially the original kidney disease, once the immune protein is lost, the risk of kidney infection is too large. Therefore, we should pay attention to health management in winter. ” “Cardiovascular prevention is generally divided into three levels. The first level of prevention refers to the prevention of etiology, which refers to taking measures against the risk factors before the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. The risk factors of cardiovascular disease mainly refer to the risk factors of atherosclerosis. These risk factors include age, gender, genetic factors, lack of exercise in living habits, smoking and drinking, overweight and obesity, as well as some metabolic diseases, such as dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, hypertension, diabetes, etc. Preventive measures include: reasonable diet, smoking cessation and alcohol restriction, moderate exercise, weight control, psychological balance, drug intervention, etc For the elderly, this part of preventive measures is self-control, can be carried out at home, is the key to prevent cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidemia is a risk factor of cerebrovascular disease. The guidelines for the prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia emphasize that diet therapy and lifestyle improvement are the basic measures for the treatment of dyslipidemia. Good living habits can not only prevent but also treat diseases. < / P > < p > “in winter, people often like to eat fat food. Hotpot and stew are often eaten in winter. You can eat meat, but pay attention to the intake of total fat and saturated fat. Total fat is all the fat we eat, both saturated and unsaturated. For example, the daily intake of edible oil is 20-30g. Avoid eating animal oil, coconut oil and palm oil. They have a very high proportion of saturated fat and need to reduce consumption. There are also fat meat, fried food, cakes, processed meat products, such as red sausage, which contain high hidden fat and saturated fat, often eat very bad for blood fat Ju Ying said. < / P > < p > in winter, the appetite is increased, and the gastrointestinal burden is easy to aggravate. If we do not pay attention to daily maintenance, some diseases will enter. At this time, the number of outpatients in the Department of Gastroenterology and gastroenterology of the hospital will peak, among which the patients with abdominal distension, abdominal pain and diarrhea account for the majority. Doctors remind that in winter when gastroenteritis occurs frequently, it is very important to pay attention to daily maintenance, such as not eating unclean food, not drinking alcohol, not overeating, not eating raw and cold food, not getting cold in the abdomen, not taking drugs that will damage gastrointestinal mucosa, etc., which can avoid or reduce the occurrence of acute gastroenteritis. In addition, in winter, many patients with chronic gastritis often have frequent symptoms. Liu Yun said: “patients with chronic gastritis should pay attention to the acid-base balance in their diet. When the gastric acid secretion is too much, you can drink Soybean milk, eat steamed bread or bread to neutralize the gastric acid. When the gastric acid secretion decreases, concentrated broth, chicken soup, sour fruit or fruit juice can be used to stimulate the secretion of gastric juice and help digestion. Patients with atrophic gastritis should drink yogurt, because the phospholipid substances in yogurt will be tightly adsorbed on the gastric wall to protect the gastric mucosa and repair the injured gastric mucosa. The lactic acid and glucuronic acid produced by lactose catabolism can increase the acidity in the stomach, inhibit the decomposition of protein by harmful bacteria and produce toxins, and make the stomach immune The erosion of toxin is beneficial to the treatment and recovery of gastritis In addition, stomach discomfort should avoid eating food that causes abdominal distension and contains more fiber, such as beans, bean products, sucrose, celery, leek, etc. < p > < p > in winter, hip fracture disease is one of the biggest health hazards of the elderly. Epidemiological investigation shows that the mortality rate of hip fracture in the elderly within one year is 17% – 33%, and the disease is high in the northern region in winter. For the elderly in the north, it is very important to protect and strengthen calcium supplement. Zhao Jiangtao said: “the heavy clothes in the cold north affect the flexibility and adaptability of the limbs, and the ice and snow road increases the probability of falling down. The decrease of sunshine and outdoor exercise in winter aggravates the osteoporosis of the elderly So, how to supplement calcium reasonably? Food and fish products, dairy products and so on. Some people with basic diseases, such as diabetes, gout, allergic diseases, kidney disease and other patients can not eat at will, can use calcium tablets, vitamin D3 and other supplements. Elderly women can do the corresponding treatment of osteoporosis according to estrogen level, or use symptomatic drugs to correct osteoporosis according to the doctor’s advice. < / P > < p > as the weather turns cool and the temperature drops, some people will have a lot of “flat pimples”, these pimples can be accompanied by varying degrees of pruritus, which may be “cold urticaria”. It belongs to a special type of urticaria, which is not uncommon in the cold north. Cold urticaria, as the name suggests, cold is actually the cause of the disease, so we should avoid cold wind or cold water directly irritating the facial skin, Keep hands and feet away from cold water. Wear masks, bibs, gloves and other cold protection measures. At the same time, pay attention to the daily diet, and try to eat less food containing animal protein, such as fish, shrimp, crab, milk, eggs, nuts, etc. Some fruits such as mango, peach, and so on, as well as seasoning, preservatives can also cause urticaria attack. In addition, the incidence and living habits are also related, such as mental stress, stress, excessive exercise, staying up late and so on. Some chronic infectious diseases such as gastritis, sinusitis, gastroenteritis, gynecological inflammation can also cause urticaria attack. Wang Kaibo said that once people have obvious urticaria symptoms in winter, they should take antihistamines to relieve itching symptoms in time, and also take drugs that can reduce the permeability of blood vessel wall, such as calcium and high-dose vitamin C. In case of severe urticaria, timely medical treatment should be provided. At the same time, traditional Chinese medicine treatment of urticaria is reliable. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that cold urticaria is mostly caused by congenital deficiency, weakness of Lung Qi or postnatal loss of nourishment, deficiency of lung qi and exogenous wind cold. The methods of warming, tonifying, unblocking and dispersing can be used. In addition to oral administration of traditional Chinese medicine decoction, Chinese medicine fumigation and umbilical moxibustion can be used to disperse cold.