Beijing, December 9 the report released by Brown University’s “cost of war project” on December 7 pointed out that in order to exert pressure, the United States has relaxed the rules of engagement for air strikes in Afghanistan since 2017, significantly expanding the scale of air strikes, resulting in a 330% increase in the number of Afghan civilians killed in air strikes by the U.S. military and its allies, and about 700 people died in 2019 alone. < / P > < p > on October 25, 2014, US soldiers carried equipment to a transport plane at a military base in lashkarga, Helmand province, Afghanistan. < / P > < p > in response to the report, US military spokesman Sonny Leggett in Afghanistan argued on the 8th that the civilian casualties in Afghanistan caused by us air strikes have “almost stopped” since February 29 this year. On February 29, the United States and China signed a peace agreement aimed at ending the war in Afghanistan. But this is not the case. According to the report, on October 26 this year, three children were killed in the US air raid on a religious school in Afghanistan; four days ago, 12 children were killed and 14 civilians were injured in the air raid on a religious school in Afghanistan. < / P > < p > “the war in Afghanistan should have ended, why are there still a large number of civilian casualties?” Researchers at Brown University’s Watson Institute for international and public affairs questioned in the report. The report quoted data from the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan as saying that from 2015 to 2019, 1357 civilians were killed in the US led coalition air strikes, of which about 700 civilians were killed in 2019, the year with the largest number of civilians killed since 2002. < / P > < p > the researchers pointed out that since 2017, as the situation in Afghanistan has reached a deadlock and the number of ground forces has decreased, the United States has relaxed the restrictions on air strikes, believing that air strikes can exert more pressure and force them to come to the negotiation table. The United States even admits that harming Afghan civilians is part of its military strategy. The statistical data of the < / P > < p > report show that since 2017, the United States and its allies have significantly increased the number of air launched weapons. In April 2017, the U.S. military dropped a large bomb called “mother of bombs” in Afghanistan. Former Afghan President Hamid Karzai strongly condemned the US military’s actions as “great atrocities” against the Afghan people. < / P > < p > Stanley McChrystal, former commander of the US military in Afghanistan, once said that he was shocked by the number of civilian casualties caused by us air strikes in Afghanistan. “If we don’t stop killing civilians, we will lose this damn war.” < / P > < p > on December 4, 2009, at NATO headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, British Foreign Secretary Miliband and top commander of us and NATO forces in Afghanistan McChrystal talked before attending a meeting between NATO and foreign ministers of non NATO partners participating in international security forces. < / P > < p > although it is well known that the US military and its allies killed innocent people indiscriminately in Afghanistan, it is still difficult to be truly accountable. In recent years, the US government has repeatedly indicated that it will not cooperate with the ICC in this regard, and has threatened to take retaliatory measures against the ICC staff. < p > < p > in March this year, the International Criminal Court ruled that it approved the investigation of war crimes and crimes in Afghanistan by the United States, Afghan security forces and US military and intelligence personnel. In June, the U.S. government retaliated by revoking the visa of the ICC prosecutor and then announcing sanctions against ICC employees and other investigators. < / P > < p > public opinion generally believes that the US move is obviously to prevent the victims from seeking justice. In an article published on its official website, the International Criminal Court pointed out that although the United States has conducted some investigations into the abuse of prisoners by its own personnel in Afghanistan, the “scope of investigation is limited” and many cases have not been charged. It is obvious that the US central command has stopped publishing the monthly summary report of air strikes in Afghanistan since March this year. The US Air Force magazine reported that this was due to “multiple diplomatic concerns” that “the report may have a negative impact on the ongoing peace talks in Afghanistan”. A disabled man walks on crutches in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province, Afghanistan on February 22, 2020. < / P > < p > since the “9.11” incident, the United States and its allies have launched wars in Afghanistan, Iraq and other countries in the name of anti-terrorism, which has resulted in millions of casualties, tens of millions of people being displaced or even becoming refugees. What’s more, these countries have been plunged into prolonged turbulence, economic decline, and people’s livelihood being in dire straits, bringing heavy humanitarian disasters. In September this year, another report from the Watson Institute of international and public affairs showed that since the US launched the war on terrorism in 2001, at least 37 million people have been displaced in eight countries, including Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen and Syria. The researchers stressed that this was only a “very conservative” estimate, with a line of 10000. In the 14 years from 2005 to 2019, at least 26000 children died or were disabled in Afghanistan alone, according to the international charity save the children, citing data from the United Nations. < / P > < p > “the U.S. intervention in these countries has caused a terrible disaster, the extent of which is not experienced or thought by most Americans.” American University Professor David Wayne said.