On October 2, the UN General Assembly held a high-level meeting to commemorate the international day for the total elimination of nuclear weapons. In his speech, UN Secretary General Guterres expressed concern about the risk of nuclear disarmament stalling or even facing retrogression. Guterres said that nuclear disarmament has been a priority since the founding of the United Nations. But today, 75 years later, the world is still shrouded in the shadow of nuclear disaster. The growing distrust and tension among nuclear weapon states have raised the risk of nuclear war; some countries upgrade their nuclear arsenals to acquire faster, more invisible and more accurate nuclear weapons, which may lead to a nuclear arms race; the only treaty limiting the size of the world’s largest nuclear arsenals, the new strategic arms reduction treaty between the United States and Russia, will expire next year, and the world may return to it There is no control over strategy. He called on the United States and Russia to extend the validity of the new START treaty for five years. Guterres said that for the sake of collective security, the world must return to the path of nuclear disarmament. Nuclear weapon states have an obligation to lead the process of nuclear disarmament, including fulfilling their existing commitments and taking steps to reduce nuclear risks. He said that the complete elimination of nuclear weapons is the only way to completely eliminate nuclear risks. Some countries regard nuclear weapons as the key to national security and survival. However, the complete elimination of nuclear weapons is the key to guarantee the survival of life on earth, which is more important than the fate of any single country.
Guterres also said novel coronavirus pneumonia has exposed the weakness of human society in the same cause that it can not act in concert. He called for promoting the goal of world denuclearization through multilateral channels. In his speech, President bozkel of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly pointed out that the nuclear disarmament system is under great pressure under the situation of increasing global tensions. Some parties have withdrawn from nuclear related agreements, others are about to expire, and some have threatened to restart nuclear tests. He said that in the face of challenges to the non-proliferation system, the international community must set realistic and feasible goals and take corresponding actions to return to the common goal of world denuclearization. Nuclear disarmament must be given priority and urgent action must be taken. In December 2013, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring September 26 as the international day for the total elimination of nuclear weapons, which aims to remind the threat of nuclear weapons to mankind and the necessity of their total elimination.