According to a comprehensive report on August 6, one day after the massive explosion in Beirut, the nationals of Lebanon still failed to get out of the shock. At present, at least 135 people have been killed, more than 5000 people have been injured and about 100 people are missing in the explosion, which occurred on the evening of the 4th local time. The number of casualties is likely to rise further. The number of victims caused by the explosion was the biggest blow to the capital of Lebanon. Apart from finding out the exact cause of the explosion, how to rebuild everything that was destroyed? Where will 300000 homeless people go? The most important logistics hub is in ruins, how to make up for its lack? Lebanon will face a series of problems brought about by this disaster. < / P > < p > “it’s like being in a horror movie”, “the whole city is full of glass”, and the frightened people want to know “what happened” At about 18:00 local time on August 4, an explosion shook the entire city of Beirut, collapsing buildings and shattering windows miles away. Witness nasralla told the BBC that he did not expect an explosion when he saw the port on fire. After the explosion, he lost his hearing for a few seconds before he felt that something had happened. Then the glass of several cars beside him burst, and the pieces flew, so did the glass of the building and the shop. A witness near the port told AFP: “all the buildings around here collapsed. I pass through glass and debris in the dark < / P > < p > after the explosion, injured people were everywhere in the streets calling for help or trying to find their lost relatives and friends. A woman in her 20s yelled at the security forces, asking about the whereabouts of her brother working in the port area. “His name is Jed and his eyes are green,” she pleaded The explosion is believed to have been caused by 2750 tons of ammonium nitrate stored in the port warehouse for many years, according to President ORN of Lebanon. He said it was “unacceptable” not to store such a large quantity of chemicals safely. < / P > < p > the authorities are investigating to find out the exact cause of the explosion. Meanwhile, several port officials were placed under house arrest. Lebanon’s supreme Defense Council said those involved may face “the highest penalty.”. Due to its location on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Beirut has a good natural harbor and is an important cargo distribution center in Lebanon. However, the explosion destroyed everything here. This disaster has brought Lebanon to the brink of survival. The Russian satellite network quoted Bassam ajakar, a Lebanon economist, as saying that Lebanon’s economic losses can be divided into two categories: infrastructure and food. “Infrastructure or direct damage is all movable and real property destroyed by the explosion, which itself includes the completely destroyed port of Beirut, which, according to our calculations, would be well over $100 million.” < / P > < p > he said, “the loss of grain is, first of all, the disappearance of grain reserves in ports such as flour and grain. There is also a logistics problem to ensure the import and export of goods in the future. However, according to the authorities of Lebanon, the domestic wheat stocks are enough to meet the demand of one and a half months, and the government will import more wheat, so there will be no food crisis. < / P > < p > at the same time, such a huge disaster will result in the closure of a large number of companies associated with damaged facilities, which means hundreds or even thousands of people will inevitably lose their jobs. “There is no more port in Beirut, it has to be rebuilt from scratch,” said Marva Osman, an economic expert. The scale of the disaster you’ve seen is incredible. Lebanon cannot deal with these problems alone and urgently needs help as soon as possible. The explosion plunged Lebanon into an abyss. ” Lebanon is short of natural resources and highly dependent on commodity imports. Now, the most important logistics hub is in ruins, how to make up for its lack? Although the Ministry of transport announced on the evening of the 5th that most of the cargo will pass through the port of Tripoli, its transport capacity is several times smaller than that of Beirut port. “Even if the entire capacity can be distributed among the ports of Tripoli, tyre and Saida, it is still difficult to avoid trouble,” says Bassam ajakar. First of all, the transfer of the transport chain requires a lot of money and time; second, the throughput of these ports is not large. This means that the import and export volume of Lebanon will decline seriously, and accordingly, the country will lose a lot of funds. ” Marwan abd, the governor of Beirut Province, admitted that the damage caused by the big explosion in Beirut port area may exceed the previously published assessment, and the damage is estimated to be up to 15 billion US dollars. “The losses are higher than previously announced, estimated at between $10 billion and $15 billion,” he said The government of Lebanon has announced that Beirut will enter a two-week state of emergency after a devastating explosion in the port, and may be extended, said the government of Lebanon after an emergency cabinet meeting on the 5th. Lebanon has suffered from a serious economic and financial crisis since 2019, and the impact of the new crown epidemic will be superimposed in 2020, resulting in a serious shortage of US dollars and a serious devaluation of the lisp. The European Commission also announced that as the first step of emergency assistance, the European Union has launched a civil defense mechanism at the request of the government of Lebanon. At present, more than 100 well-trained firefighters are urgently dispatched to Lebanon. They will bring vehicles, search dogs and other equipment specially used for urban search and rescue to treat the wounded together with the Lebanon authorities. The announcement also said that the Netherlands, Greece and Czech Republic have confirmed their participation in the rescue operation, France, Poland and Germany have provided assistance to Lebanon through civil defense mechanism, and other EU member states have also expressed their willingness to assist. Russia’s Ministry of emergency also said it would send five planes to Beirut, carrying air mobile hospitals, medical staff, rescue workers from the State Central aviation rescue team of the Ministry of emergency situations and the new coronavirus Testing Laboratory of the federal consumer rights and citizens’ Safety Protection Supervision Bureau. Russia’s emergency ministry pointed out that all experts were equipped with special protective clothing and equipment in view of the new outbreak.