According to media reports, according to relevant documents signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin on November 16, Russia will establish a “support point” for Russian naval materials in Sudan. According to the agreement signed by the two sides, the Russian army can deploy no more than 300 personnel in Port Sudan and berth up to four warships at the same time, including nuclear ships, without paying rent. The agreement is valid for 25 years and can be automatically extended for 10 years. This will be Russia’s first naval base in Africa after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and Russia’s second naval base outside the former Soviet Union after the Tartus naval base in Syria. < / P > < p > in fact, Russia’s establishment of military bases in Sudan has been in the making for a long time. As early as 2015, then Sudanese President Bashir took the initiative to invite Russia to build military facilities in the Soviet Union. When he visited Russia for the first time in November 2017, he also held consultations with Putin on relevant details. Since then, at the end of 2018, the two sides signed a draft agreement on simplifying the entry procedures of warships from the two countries, laying a legal foundation for Russia to establish a naval base in Sudan.
so called “novel coronavirus pneumonia”, which is facing severe situation in the world, there is no more energy in the US and Europe to take care of Africa. The United States has not only contracted its forces around the world, but also withdrawn several senior military officers stationed in African countries not long ago. At the same time, although the US presidential election has ended, the final result has not yet been released, and whether the peaceful transfer of power is still uncertain. < / P > < p > after several years of construction, the infrastructure of the Russian naval base in Syria Tartus is gradually complete. The base is only 1705km away from Port Sudan, from which Russian ships can quickly reach Port Sudan. No matter how the political situation in Sudan changes, Russia and Sudan maintain stable and close bilateral relations, and support each other on issues involving each other’s core interests. After the Crimea incident in 2014, Sudan voted against the resolution condemning Russia on the Crimea issue at the UN General Assembly. In April 2019, after the change of the Sudanese regime, the new government still regards Russia as an important source of economic aid and military support. The two sides signed a seven-year military cooperation agreement. Russia not only sells or assists weapons and equipment to Sudan, but also sends military advisers to guide the construction of the Soviet Army. The Russian army’s presence in Port Sudan will be a further upgrade of the military relations between the two countries. < / P > < p > the establishment of Russia’s naval base in Sudan is an important step for Russia to enhance its maritime naval strength and realize its dream of becoming a maritime power. Port Sudan, located in the middle of the Red Sea, is a key channel connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Sea. After the completion of Russia’s naval base in Port Sudan, it will echo with the Tartus naval base, realize Russia’s normalized military deployment in the Mediterranean and red sea regions, and build a favorable strategic pattern to guard both ends of the Suez Canal. US media believe that this is not only an important step for the Russian navy to march towards the Indian Ocean, but also a key measure to return to the center of the world stage. < / P > < p > at that time, Sevastopol port in the Black Sea, Tartus naval base in the Mediterranean Sea, and Port Sudan naval base in the red sea will form a base system that echoes each other from afar and continues to extend, greatly improving Russia’s ability to project maritime power, helping Russia to participate more actively in regional affairs and enhance its international influence. At the same time, this layout will also help Russia break the long-standing strategic containment of the United States and NATO. < / P > < p > on the one hand, the United States has a long-standing idea of sea power, and the idea of controlling the safety of important sea passages has been its long-standing idea. In recent years, the United States has continuously promoted the Indo Pacific strategy and changed its Pacific Command into Indo Pacific Command. Naturally, it is difficult for the United States to tolerate the Russian Navy’s unimpeded access to the Red Sea and its continued expansion of influence in the Indian Ocean. It is also conceivable that the two navies will stage “close contact” in the red sea or the Indian Ocean in the future. < / P > < p > on the other hand, whether Russia’s economic strength can support the dream of a maritime power also has variables. Affected by the novel coronavirus pneumonia, the global economic downturn, Russia’s Fiscal Dependence on energy exports is bound to have a tight life. Moreover, in addition to normal training and equipment procurement, Russia’s limited military spending will inevitably be stretched to maintain anti-terrorism operations in Syria, peacekeeping operations in the Naka region, and improve the infrastructure construction of military bases in Crimea, the Arctic and the port of Tartus. Not long ago, the Russian finance minister also asked the Ministry of defense to cut 10% of the military posts in order to reduce the national defense budget and reduce the burden of national defense.