The British aircraft carrier battle group is ready to go

According to “Navy news” website on October 6, the Royal Navy’s Queen class aircraft carrier, Queen Elizabeth, carried out training in carrier battle group mode for the first time, marking the beginning of a new era of British Navy operations. Nine warships, 15 fighter planes, 11 helicopters and about 3000 personnel from the United Kingdom, the United States and the Netherlands participated in training to form a combat group. The carrier battle group is also the largest and strongest maritime combat force led by Europe in the past 20 years. < p > < p > according to the science and technology daily, the displacement of the British “Queen Elizabeth” conventional power aircraft carrier is as high as 65000 tons, which can carry 36 F-35B vertical take-off and landing fighters. It adopts a dual island layout, and is the largest warship in the world that relies entirely on electric propulsion system. The Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier is basically the most powerful aircraft carrier in Europe because it adopts all electric propulsion and uses the F-35B as the carrier aircraft, and has a wide flight deck and huge displacement. Zhang Haixiong, a military commentator, said: “if the relevant warships are organized according to the British Navy’s assumption, the combat effectiveness of the British” Queen Elizabeth “aircraft carrier battle group will still be considerable. In addition to the certain number of gaps between the carrier based aviation force and the US nuclear powered aircraft carrier, other combat capabilities have already turned to the US nuclear powered aircraft carrier battle group Close up. On the whole, the British aircraft carrier battle group ranks first in the conventional power aircraft carrier battle group, and the comprehensive operational capability should be ahead of the French aircraft carrier battle group de Gaulle. ” The carrier battle group is generally composed of 1 aircraft carrier, 1-2 cruisers, 2-3 destroyers or large and medium-sized frigates, 1-2 nuclear powered submarines and large-scale integrated supply ships. The basic principle of the composition is that the combat functions are complementary and complete, the formation ships have the ocean combat capability, and the large and medium-sized warships with a tonnage of more than 4000 tons must be able to comprehensively carry out the tasks of air defense, anti-ship, anti submarine, land attack, personnel search and rescue, and sea Replenishment, so as to make the aircraft carrier battle group a combat group with balanced attack and defense capabilities. < / P > < p > according to public reports, the British destroyers diamond and guard 45, as well as frigates Northumberland and Kent, type 23 frigates, joined the formation. Due to the long service time of type 23 frigate, it has been renovated and improved since 2005. At present, Britain is still developing type 26 and type 31 frigates. < / P > < p > “there is no doubt that the type 45 destroyer will be the basic component of the British aircraft carrier battle group. It is not only the main destroyer in the future, but also a large ocean going warship with excellent combat capability, which is very suitable for the needs of aircraft carrier operations. The type 23 frigate has been designed and built for a long time, and its comprehensive performance has been difficult to meet the requirements of future operations. In the future, it should gradually withdraw from aircraft carrier battle group operations. ” Zhang Haixiong said that both type 26 and type 31 frigates are new frigates developed by the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, with displacement of more than 5000 tons. They are large frigates with ocean going combat capability. With the overall reduction of the number of British naval vessels, it is possible for these two warships to join the aircraft carrier battle group. < / P > < p > it was noted that, based on the need for joint exercise training, the combat group also included two U.S. and Dutch ships. The Burke class destroyer of the U.S. Army mainly undertakes the tasks of regional air defense and long-range land attack, while the Dutch frigate “Iverson” mainly undertakes the tasks of air defense and anti submarine. In the future, type 45 destroyers, type 26 and type 31 frigates can all play the role of warships of the United States and the Netherlands. < / P > < p > “although from the information disclosed in the news, we did not see the location of the submarine. However, the nuclear submarine is the underwater “bodyguard” of the aircraft carrier battle group, shouldering the important tasks of anti-ship, anti submarine and long-range attack on land. It is an important guarantee for the underwater safety of the aircraft carrier battle group and an important support for highlighting the strategic deterrence capability of the aircraft carrier battle group. Therefore, the aircraft carrier battle group of the British navy must be equipped with nuclear submarines, and it is the most advanced nuclear submarine in active service of the British navy, which is expected to be the smart class attack type nuclear submarine and the vanguard class ballistic missile nuclear submarine. Based on the close relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom, it is possible that US nuclear submarines will be incorporated into the British aircraft carrier battle group to carry out joint missions in the future Zhang Haixiong said. < / P > < p > it is worth noting that the UK will have a dual carrier battle group with Queen Elizabeth class II, the prince of Wales, coming into service in December 2019. However, there is a saying that because of the shortage of funds, it is difficult for the Royal Navy to get together the configuration of two aircraft carrier battle groups. In this regard, Zhang Haixiong said that although Britain’s defense funds are relatively tight, and the operation and use expenses of aircraft carriers are huge, there is a certain basis for people to look down on the future development prospects of British dual aircraft carriers. However, the United Kingdom should strive to maintain the strategy of dual carrier battle group, because it is difficult for a single carrier to carry out normal tasks due to maintenance, upgrading and crew training, and dual carriers can ensure at least one of them is in combat readiness. Therefore, in terms of use, Britain should strive to maintain the operation of the twin carrier battle group. In order to solve the problem of insufficient supporting warships caused by limited funds, the normal operation of aircraft carrier battle group can be realized by streamlining formation warships or improving the mission rate of destroyers, supply ships and nuclear submarines.