Moscow, October 4 Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov held a telephone conversation with Armenian foreign minister mnachakanyan on October 4 to discuss the Nagorny Karabakh regional conflict. According to a communique issued by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on April 4, the foreign ministers of the two countries discussed a series of issues surrounding the conflict in the Naka Karabakh region and sought solutions to the problems. Russia is concerned about the increasing number of civilian casualties caused by the conflict. The communique mentioned the need for a cease-fire in the Naka region as soon as possible. According to the communique, the foreign ministers of the two countries reiterated their willingness to assist relevant parties to return to the track of resolving the Naka issue through political and diplomatic channels in accordance with the joint statement of the presidents of Russia, the United States and France and under the co chairmanship of the Minsk group of the organization for security and cooperation in Europe. On September 27, a new round of conflict broke out between Armenian and Azerbaijani in the Naka region. Both sides accused the other party of violating the cease-fire agreement and launching the first military attack. The Naka region is located in the southwest of Azerbaijan and its residents are mostly Armenian. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, a war broke out between Armenian and Azerbaijani in order to fight for the Naka area, and Armenian occupied part of the territory originally belonging to Azerbaijan in the Naka area and its surrounding areas. In 1992, the conference on security and cooperation in Europe established a 12 nation Minsk group with Russia, the United States and France as the co chairs. Negotiations at different levels on the Naka issue have been held in succession within the framework of the Minsk group, but no substantial progress has been made. In 1994, Azerbaijan and Armenian reached an agreement on a comprehensive cease-fire, but the two countries have been in a state of hostility over the Naka issue, and armed conflicts between the two countries have occurred from time to time. On October 1, the presidents of Russia, the United States and France issued a joint statement on the conflict in the Naka Karabakh region, strongly condemning the escalation of violence in the contact line of the Naka conflict zone, and calling on all parties to the conflict to cease fire and resume negotiations as soon as possible.