At the end of the year, Russian media summarized the construction of Russia’s strategic strike force in fiscal year 2020. The report said that under the circumstances of fierce game between Russia and the United States on arms control issues, the stable construction of nuclear arsenals and new types of non nuclear strategic strike weapons have become the “bottom card” for the Russian army to balance Western provocations. < / P > < p > since the beginning of this year, the Russian army has steadily promoted the construction of land, sea and air based strategic nuclear forces. Among them, Russia’s strategic rocket forces were equipped with nearly 100 new main combat weapons and military technical equipment, and the proportion of modern missile systems increased to 81%. Three missile regiments were replaced with “Yales” land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles as planned. At present, the Russian strategic rocket force has 7 missile divisions and 21 missile regiments equipped with this type of ICBM, and 97% of the land-based strategic nuclear strike and counterattack forces are in “good condition”. The new land-based intercontinental ballistic missile “salmat” has also successfully completed flight test and is expected to be delivered in mass production in 2021. The Missile Division in Krasnoyarsk will be the first unit to receive the missile. In terms of space-based nuclear power, the construction of the first batch of new generation stealth strategic bombers in Russia started in May. The Russian Air Force said that although the follow-up fuselage assembly, prototype test and national test will take six years, the training of the crew of this type of aircraft has started. The first deep improved tu-160m and tu-95msm strategic bombers completed their first flights in early November and August respectively. Both of them are equipped with new weapons and control systems, airborne electronic equipment and navigation and driving devices. In particular, tu-160m is equipped with a new nk32-02 series engine, which can increase its range by 1000 km and significantly enhance its strategic strike capability. Sulovikin Sergey, commander of the Russian air force, said that in addition to doing a good job in iteration and upgrading, Russian strategic bombers completed their strategic cruise missions in the Atlantic, Pacific and other international neutral waters as planned. < / P > < p > in the construction of the Russian navy, nuclear forces are at the top priority. At present, there are 5 types of 12 strategic nuclear submarines. The latest type of God of the north wind, the A-class first submarine, Vladimir Dagong, joined the Northern Fleet in June; the second boat, Oleg Dagong, was launched on July, and the sea test and national navigation test were carried out as planned; three submarines of the same class are also in different construction stages. Russian media said that the strategic nuclear submarine is the main force for the Russian army to carry out the second nuclear counterattack mission. During the epidemic period, the Russian navy has repeatedly disclosed the combat readiness of strategic nuclear submarines in viluchinsk and other submarine bases. When the United States showed its strategic strength to Russia, the Russian nuclear submarines suddenly floated up in the international waters west of Alaska. Recently, Russia announced that it would launch “round hammer”, “blue sky” and other submarine launched ballistic missiles in the Barents Sea and Okhotsk Sea, which shows the Russian strategic nuclear submarine forces It has become an important force to frighten the West. < / P > < p > in addition, affected by the epidemic situation, Russia’s strategic nuclear power construction has been partially delayed. The destruction of nearly 20 “Baiyang” intercontinental ballistic missiles will be postponed to 2022, and the research and construction project of special mission nuclear submarine, the carrier of Poseidon nuclear powered submersible, will be postponed for two years. < / P > < p > in addition to the above-mentioned strategic nuclear weapons, the non nuclear “super weapons” represented by “zircon” hypersonic missiles can also promote the asymmetric combat advantage of the Russian army. It is reported that the Russian navy has completed five “zircon” hypersonic missile test launches within this year, including four surface launches and one underwater submarine launch, respectively attacking fixed targets on the shore and moving targets on the water, all of which are successful. Russian military experts said that the performance of the “zircon” hypersonic missile is stable. In addition to its high speed, its cruise altitude is 35 km to 70 km, which can effectively avoid the interception of the anti missile system. In the next step, the Russian navy will focus on improving the adaptability of missiles and boats, and promote the deployment of “zircon” hypersonic missiles on 22350, 20385 and other new frigates to form a “distributed kill chain”. During the year, the Russian army was also equipped with four “pioneer” hypersonic missiles in two batches. The missile was put into experimental combat duty in December 2019. As a land-based hypersonic strike platform, it has the ability to carry nuclear warheads. The combined lethality and strategic deterrence of “supersonic + nuclear missile” is extremely strong. < / P > < p > according to the Russian media, the successful test launch of the “zircon” hypersonic missile and the small batch installation of the “pioneer” hypersonic missile are of great significance to the Russian army. Previously, Russia’s air-based supersonic missile “dagger” and its carrier platform MiG-31 fighter were on combat duty in December 2017. With the “emergence” of sea based and land-based platforms, Russia will become the only country with Trinity supersonic weapons in the world. < / P > < p > in addition, the eighth test of the “nuduoli” mobile anti satellite system was completed at the Plesetsk launch site in April, and the “peresvet” laser weapon also entered the combat duty state. Russian experts said that with the increasing strategic game between Russia and the United States on arms control, the development of “super weapons” with both nuclear and conventional weapons has become an important means for Russia to check and balance its opponents. < / P > < p > in the new fiscal year, the Russian military will pay more attention to the construction of a nuclear and permanent system. In the short seven days from the end of November to the beginning of December, the Russian Navy used the frigate “admiral Gorshkov” and the nuclear submarine “Kazan” to organize four launching missions of “zircon”, “calibre” and “Onyx” 3 missiles. The launching devices of the above-mentioned three missiles are universal to the shore based “Lingbao” missile launching system. According to the plan, Russian Navy destroyers, frigates, submarines and missile boats in active service all have the above missile launching capabilities, which is conducive to enhancing the flexibility of sea based strategic strike. < / P > < p > the Russian air force also announced that it is promoting the flight test of tu-22m3 supersonic bomber carrying “dagger” missile, and working on the new generation of su-57 multi-functional stealth fighter with new k-77m missile. The former’s “double super” strategic attack power of “supersonic penetration + hypervelocity attack” is a challenge to any defense system; the latter can carry multiple guided warheads, and can accurately strike hypersonic targets, with strong strategic attack and penetration ability. < / P > < p > Russian experts pointed out that the hypersonic strike platform with both land, sea and air base will help build the Russian version of “global rapid strike system”. Just as karakayev, commander of Russia’s strategic rocket force, said, in the security environment with multiple threat styles and various war forms, the strategic counterattack capability of both nuclear and permanent is the cornerstone of ensuring Russia’s national security.