Radar technology limits India’s performance

On October 9, India successfully launched its first domestic anti radiation missile. The “rudram-1” missile, developed by India’s defense research and development organization, can be launched on a SU-30MKI fighter. This is the fifth missile weapon tested by India recently. < / P > < p > compared with the previous missile weapons, the anti radiation missile test launch is more concerned. Anti radiation missile, also known as anti radar missile, is known as the “open axe” of modern war. It can use the electromagnetic radiation of the opponent’s radar to guide, so as to destroy the enemy’s radar and its carrier and make the opponent “blind”. To this end, Indian Defense Minister Singh specially expressed congratulations on the successful launch of the missile on twitter. According to the Indian media, the maximum range of the rudram-1 missile can reach 250 km, which is the longest range anti radiation missile in the world. In January 2019, India’s defense research and development organization successfully test fired India’s ngarm anti radiation missile. The rudram-1 missile launched this time is based on ngarm. Compared with ngarm, rudram-1 has made significant technical progress. ” According to the official statement of India, the rudram-1 missile is a powerful weapon for the Indian air force to effectively suppress the enemy’s air defense forces in a wide range of confrontation. “With these weapons, India has the ability to independently develop long-range air launched anti radiation missiles, capable of confronting enemy radar, communications and other radiation emitting targets,” the statement said “< p > < p >” anti radiation missile is the most effective weapon to kill radar hard, also known as “radar killer.” Yuan Zhou said, “at present, there have been four generations of anti radiation missiles. Advanced anti radiation missiles have the characteristics of long range, great power, fast speed and strong anti-jamming ability. The United States, Russia and other countries are in a leading position in anti radiation missile technology. ” Yuan Zhou pointed out that on the whole, there are two major technical problems in the development of advanced anti radiation missiles. One is the miniaturization of weapons. In order to achieve a long range and good strike effect, early anti radiation missiles often used large bodies, which limited the amount of missiles carried by aircraft, thus affecting the combat effectiveness. Modern anti radiation missiles realized the miniaturization of missiles without affecting the attack effect, but most countries did not master this technology. Second, the guidance mode is compound. In the early stage of anti radiation missile, single passive radar guidance was adopted, that is, the missile itself does not emit radar wave, but mainly detects and tracks the target based on the energy radiated by the radar of the other side. However, once the radar of the other side is turned off, the missile will lose the target, thus affecting the hit rate. Modern advanced anti radiation missiles adopt compound guidance, which can effectively avoid the above situation and greatly improve the hit rate. Of course, only a few countries can master such advanced guidance technology. According to Indian sources, the maximum range of rudram-1 missile will reach 250 km, which is beyond the range of most field air defense systems. At the same time, the missile is equipped with ins-gps navigation system and passive guidance head for terminal attack, which can hit the target with high accuracy. < / P > < p > “therefore, according to the information released by India, the rudram-1 missile has excellent performance and can be called the world’s first-class anti radiation missile.” Yuan Zhou said. According to public data, India’s anti radiation missile program began in 2012. The Indian government approved the domestic anti radiation missile research and development project in January 2013, and the completion date of the project is December 2017. But for various reasons, the project was postponed, just like other defense and military projects in India. In January 2019, India’s defense research and development organization successfully launched ngarm anti radiation missile with a range of 18 km to 100 km. This year, the maximum range of the rudram-1 missile will reach 250 kilometers, more than doubling. < / P > < p > “compared with ngarm, rudram-1 not only has a longer range, but also has a higher accuracy. When India launched ngarm anti radiation missile last year, the error of attacking the target from 100 km away was within 10 meters, but this time it hit the target very accurately. It can not only hit far, but also fly very fast. It can fly at the same speed as the “ham” agm-88e anti radiation missile of the United States, and the maximum flight speed can reach Mach 2. ” Yuan Zhou said. The Indian media also claimed that rudram-1 has realized the composite guidance, which adopts the combination of midcourse inertial GPS guidance and terminal semi-active radar guidance and passive radar guidance, so that the radar of the other side can be effectively destroyed when it is shut down. However, Yuan Zhou said: “if the performance of rudram-1 as described by the Indian media is true, then rudram-1 will not compete with the” ham “anti radiation missile, but will surpass it.” Yuan Zhou pointed out that India’s statement is likely to be exaggerated, and its actual performance may not be as strong as that boasted by the Indian media. Even if what the Indian media said is true, the stability of India’s home-made missiles remains to be further investigated. < p > < p > it has been reported that during the development of anti radiation missiles, although India repeatedly claimed that ngarm missiles were made in India, DRDO sources said that the agency was unable to develop ngarm missiles on its own and sought technical assistance from Russia. In response, Yuan Zhou said that India and Russia have a relatively deep cooperation in missile technology, and the “Brahmos” supersonic cruise missile is a successful work of India Russia cooperation. The mode of cooperation between India and Russia has become an important way for India to develop new missile weapons. The first mock exam is also based on the NGARM anti radiation missile. India has bought Russian anti radiation technology to achieve “so-called” localization, but the core technology has always been in Russia’s hands. India is simply assembling the core components imported from Russia. Ngarm should refer to kh31p anti radiation missile, which is relatively advanced in Russia. < / P > < p > “from India’s two successful tests of anti radiation missiles, it is not difficult to see that in recent years, India has made great investment in the development of advanced missiles, and has made great progress.” Yuan Zhou said. In the past month, India has launched five missile weapons, namely, hypersonic technology verification vehicle, extended range “Brahmos” missile, shaurya strategic missile, new anti submarine missile and anti radiation missile. These five different missile weapons represent the progress of India’s missile technology in different fields. In this regard, Yuan Zhou pointed out: “India’s frequent missile test firing is a psychological manifestation of” not being able to show its ability “, which is intended to embolden itself. These five missiles are regarded as killer weapons by the Indian army. They are important tools for India to break through the air defense system of the other side and attack the strategic objectives of the other side. However, India’s missile technology is limited. The above-mentioned five weapons are either immature and have to stay in the laboratory for quite a long time before they can be equipped with troops, or their technical performance is not stable. Although they have been in service, they often fail and fail to achieve the strategic role expected by the Indian army. ”