[Global Times reporter Qiang Wei, Yao Meng, Wang Fang] primary and secondary schools in China are starting one after another, but abroad, this is a controversial issue, and different countries have different choices. The British government recently decided that primary and secondary schools across the country will officially open this week, when all students must return to class, or parents will face fines. However, the epidemic situation in the UK has rebounded recently, and the number of newly diagnosed cases has exceeded 1000 in a single day for several consecutive days, which makes many parents and teachers worried about safety. Similar situations have also occurred in France, Spain and many other European countries. According to the associated press, governments’ strategies for the new school year depend on the number of infections they see, the health care system and political considerations. British education secretary Gavin Williamson issued an open letter to parents across the country on the 30th, insisting that schools are safe, the Guardian reported. He described in detail the measures taken by the government to reduce school infections and told parents that the health risk of the new coronavirus to children was “extremely low.”. “If a child does not go back to school, they will lose more than a few months of study, which is likely to bring a huge blow to their future life opportunities,” the letter warned “Education is a birthright, so let’s make sure that all children come back to school, back to study and play, and become children again.” The sun quoted Williamson’s return to school on the 30th as the first step of economic recovery. Millions of parents will return to the office, bringing 650 million pounds of growth to the British economy. < / P > < p > according to a survey of 4000 school principals in England and Wales, 97% of schools will be fully open on time, and the remaining 3% are preparing for the gradual return of students, the BBC reported. The guardian quoted a survey of 5000 parents in the UK and found that 30% of respondents said they did not intend to send their children back to school. 91% of them said they would let their children continue to receive family education in the foreseeable future, or before an effective vaccine is available. Another 20 percent said they had not decided whether to send their children back to school. The BBC said that although schools are preparing for the full opening of school, government officials are considering “plan B” in the face of confirmed cases that may continue to rise. For example, secondary schools are open for two weeks and closed for two weeks, while online learning in primary schools is still open. The union of university colleges in the UK said in a statement on the 29th that it opposes the plan of universities in the UK to resume face-to-face teaching next month. “Sending more than 1 million students across the country will lead to disaster, and may make poorly prepared universities contribute to the second wave of the epidemic.”. < / P > < p > according to the associated press, despite the resurgence of the new coronavirus, a similar situation has emerged across Europe with the advent of the new school year. Governments are determined to bring children back to school, narrow the learning gap that deepened during the blockade, and bring parents back to work. Europe’s left-wing, right-wing and centrist political leaders have sent an unusually consistent message: children will be better in class during the pandemic. But the German case may serve as a warning to neighboring countries, the report said. At least 41 of Berlin’s 825 schools have reported new crown cases since school began this month, and thousands of students across the country have been quarantined. However, the German government is determined not to close schools again, but to isolate individual students or classes. < / P > < p > the Spanish government stipulates that schools at all levels will start in September, but the epidemic situation is worrying. In August, the number of new cases in Spain continued to rise, reaching 9779 on the 27th. The Ministry of health and the Ministry of education have ordered schools to prepare for the start of school and all children must attend school, Spanish TV station 5 reported on the 30th. However, the epidemic situation in Madrid is rebounding seriously, and the number of infected people is increasing day by day. Many parents are worried that once the school starts, it will definitely cause a new wave of inter school infection. Therefore, they suggest to switch to online classes. However, this proposal was rejected by the government. The Ministry of Education issued a warning that parents who obstruct their children from going to school without proper reasons will be sentenced to three to six months’ imprisonment and deprived of custody of their children. < / P > < p > according to the global times, many Chinese parents in Spain suggest online classes in schools, but the Ministry of education is tough. In the previous outbreak, the Chinese strictly abided by the Spanish government’s curfew, so the number of Chinese infected was very small. But this time, Chinese parents felt like “going through fire and water” after receiving the school opening notice. Chinese parents are communicating with the government through various channels of Chinese associations, but judging from the current situation, it is very unlikely that their suggestions will be adopted. < / P > < p > the school in France was originally scheduled to start on September 1, but the epidemic situation has a rebound trend recently, with 5000 to 7000 new cases per day. French education minister bronkey said on August 30 that French primary and secondary schools will be closed for one day on September 1. After that, whether the school starts depends on the epidemic situation, and also makes response according to the different situations of each region in the country. < / P > < p > the French Ministry of education has previously issued school opening guidelines requiring primary and secondary school teachers and junior high school students to wear masks. But even so, there are different opinions in the French medical community: some medical experts believe that schools have not taken adequate preventive measures, so they propose to postpone the start of school. The Minister of education believes that he has listened to experts’ opinions and will continue to keep in touch with the medical community. < / P > < p > in view of the soaring number of new cases, experts quoted by Agence France Presse and other media believe that on the one hand, it is caused by the surge in the number of tests; on the other hand, it is caused by the neglect of prevention by young people and the fact that there are many summer parties during the time, which lead to many people infected. Most of the infected people are between 25 and 45 years old, and half of them are asymptomatic. Therefore, although the number of infections is rising, the number of hospitalized patients and critically ill patients are not rising, and the number of deaths is also declining. But the French authorities have recently repeatedly called for compulsory measures to prevent infection. These measures, especially in big cities such as Paris, Marseille and Strasbourg, require people to wear masks on the streets, which has aroused many people’s dissatisfaction and protest.