Nile dam dispute: US cuts $100 million aid to Ethiopia

On September 2, local time, according to a source in the U.S. Congress, the U.S. has decided to cut its aid to Ethiopia by $100 million because of Russia’s unilateral decision to store water on the Nile dam, which has aroused opposition from Egypt and Sudan. Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt have been in a heated debate over the impoundment and operation of Ethiopia’s Renaissance dam, Reuters reported on Wednesday. Although the dam began storing water in July, the dispute between the three countries has not been resolved. < / P > < p > sources in the US Congress said that in view of Ethiopia’s position in the talks on reviving the dam, the US has decided to cut aid to it. It is reported that up to $100 million in aid funds will be affected, of which $26 million will be due at the end of this financial year. Most of the due funds are used to deal with regional or border security, consensus building and other affairs. Nevertheless, funding for AIDS prevention, food for peace projects, international disaster assistance and immigration and refugee assistance will not be affected. < / P > < p > a U.S. State Department official said that the reason for the suspension of certain funds to Ethiopia is that Ethiopia began to unilaterally take water storage actions before reaching agreements with Egypt and Sudan. At the same time, without sufficient security measures to protect the premise of water storage, there are also serious security risks. The official added that negotiations with Egypt and Sudan and the impoundment of the dam weakened the confidence of the three sides in reaching an agreement and violated Ethiopia’s commitment not to take a unilateral decision. < / P > < p > Ethiopia’s ambassador to the United States told the financial times that he hoped the United States would change its attitude towards aid cuts. “We have asked the United States to reconsider this. We don’t want 117 years of diplomatic relations to be damaged by an issue that has nothing to do with the two countries. ” < / P > < p > for a long time, the United States and Ethiopia have been close allies, and they often join forces to fight against Somalia. But U.S. officials are disappointed that Ethiopia has failed to reach an agreement on the Nile dam. < / P > < p > in Ethiopia’s view, the power generated by the Nile dam can help the people out of poverty. It is reported that the installed capacity of the dam will reach 6450 MW, more than twice the country’s existing installed capacity, which is also the key to help Ethiopia become Africa’s largest power exporter. But from Egypt’s point of view, more than 90% of the country’s fresh water comes from the Nile, and they are worried that the construction of the dam will pose a threat to its water security. < / P > < p > Egypt and Sudan demanded that any agreement should be legally binding, with clear provisions on how to deal with possible disputes and how to manage the dam in the less rainy and dry seasons, which also led to a deadlock in the negotiations on the Nile river rehabilitation dam.