Local economic development and standardization of Cornus officinalis

“Maolin cultivation place, Tung lacquer Zhuyu township”, Nanyang Xixia County, Henan Province, which is famous for its Cornus, is located in the south foot of Funiu mountain range. It is the watershed of the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the Huaihe River, and is also the hometown of Zhang Zhongjing, an ancient famous doctor. According to records, there are 2027 kinds of medicinal plants in Nanyang, and more than 50 kinds of high-quality genuine Chinese herbal medicines, which is a natural treasure house of medicinal materials. In 1998, Zhongjing Wanxi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. began to explore the construction of standardized planting base of traditional Chinese medicine based on the resource advantages of 800 Li Funiu Mountain natural medicine warehouse, and the base of Cornus officinalis has been initially established. Recently, Li Junke, director of zhongjingwanxi pharmaceutical’s traditional Chinese medicine planting division, said in an interview with xinhuanet.com that the Cornus officinalis produced by the production base of Cornus officinalis in Xixia County, as a genuine medicinal material in Xixia County, cannot do without standardized planting management and cooperation with pharmaceutical farmers. < / P > < p > as a natural medicine storehouse, it can not be separated from the superior geographical environment suitable for the growth of medicinal materials. Li Junke said that the base of Cornus officinalis is located in five towns near Funiu Mountain. The output of Cornus in the five townships is about 1200 tons, accounting for about 40% of the total output of Xixia. The elevation of the base is about 600-1200 meters, which is the best elevation for the production of Cornus. < / P > < p > it is reported that the impurity content of Cornus officinalis in the base of Cornus officinalis is low through standardized management. The impurity content of Cornus officinalis in the market is generally more than 3%, and the impurity content of Cornus officinalis in Xixia is about 1%. “After nearly 20 years of efforts, we have carried out training and technical improvement for pharmaceutical farmers in mountainous areas. Through the change of shelling machines from generation to generation, the jujube seeds produced by the shelling machines are clean and the jujube skin is relatively complete.” Li Junke said. The technical cooperation between local enterprises and pharmaceutical farmers is conducive to maintaining the quality of genuine medicinal materials. In terms of cooperation with base pharmaceutical farmers, zhongjingwanxi carried out standardized technical training, signed a 30-year contract with local villages to purchase Cornus officinalis produced by pharmaceutical farmers every year. In addition, zhongjingwanxi has also carried out technical training, and pharmaceutical farmers must participate in the training every year, including the management of the whole cycle of Cornus officinalis, and the key processes such as medication, harvesting, processing and fertilization. Secondly, the unified purchase and distribution of pesticides can improve the effect of pest control, reduce agricultural production and improve the level of pollution-free medicine. Finally, the annual purchase price is higher than the market price, which can improve the enthusiasm of pharmaceutical farmers. Several key measures for the long-term and stable development of these bases have closely combined the farmers and the bases. < / P > < p > “through unified management, unified training, unified guidance, harvesting within the harvest period, processing methods according to national requirements, no sulfur dioxide fumigation, no sugar, no adulteration, no dyeing, so that the quality of medicinal materials can meet our requirements.” Li Junke mentioned that this year is a bumper year for Cornus officinalis, and the general income of the people is relatively high. The sustainable development of local industries is very important. Li Junke said that the Cornus industry will face the problem of labor shortage in the future. Most of the people working in the mountains are over 60 years old. The transportation is inconvenient and picking is troublesome, which is one aspect of the industry restriction. The harvest cost is very high and the labor force is very few. If the industry does not take measures, the industry will gradually shrink. Li Junke said that in order to solve this problem, zhongjingwanxi adopted the way of land circulation to attract young people to return to their hometown for employment. In addition, the low purchase price can also improve the enthusiasm of local pharmaceutical farmers, so as to have a sustainable and healthy development. In the next stage, Zhongjing Wanxi pharmaceutical will be more strict in terms of technology and system. “In terms of technology, we will increase the promotion of green production technology of Cornus officinalis. The first is to use traps to lure insects and further reduce the use of pesticides. Second, through scientific experiments, select more efficient and low residue pesticides to further ensure the quality of medicinal materials Li Junke said. < / P > < p > “on the other hand, we are establishing a traceability system. The system has been developed and is in operation from planting to harvesting and processing to finished products, storage and quality supervision. In the next step, we will gradually integrate all the bases into the system. In this way, by scanning our two-dimensional code, we can know when the medicinal materials were planted, when they were collected, how they are managed and how the quality is. This is what we need to do in the future. ” Li Junke said. According to pan Maozhang, a villager in Fangzhuang village, zhaigen Township, Xixia County, after cooperating with zhongjingwanxi, the quality and yield of Cornus officinalis have improved, and the income has increased. “Since 2002, our economy has changed significantly. After cooperation, our economic income has increased. We have also moved from the mountains to market towns, living in two-story buildings, and we still have some savings. This year, we will produce 1500 to 2000 kilograms of dried Cornus bark, about 30000 to 40000 yuan. ” Pan Maozhang said.