Tokyo, August 6, Japan’s Ministry of general affairs released a population survey report on August 5, which showed that the number and rate of decline of Japan’s population in 2019 were the largest since the survey began in 1968, falling for 11 consecutive years. According to the report, as of January 1 this year, Japan’s population has dropped by another 505000 to 142.7 million compared with the previous year. At the same time, the aging trend is further intensified. < / P > < p > data shows that the number of new born Japanese in 2019 is 866000, a new low, and the death toll is 1378900, a new high. Of the 47 prefectures in Japan, 44 have declined in population, while only Tokyo, Kanagawa and Okinawa have increased in population. According to the analysis of local media in Japan, the pressure of social security will continue to increase in the future due to the increasing trend of aging population. At the same time, in order to maintain economic growth, the Japanese government and enterprises have to consider extending the retirement age and creating conditions for the elderly to participate in work.