Iranian President Hassan Rouhani reminded all parties to be vigilant at a cabinet meeting held on July 7 to prevent the Nagorno Karabakh regional conflict from escalating into a “regional war”. The escalation of the conflict is not in the interests of all parties, and Iran hopes that stability will return to the region. < p > < p > Iran is the southern neighbor of Armenian and Azerbaijani. A new round of conflict broke out between Asia and Afghanistan in the Naka region on September 27. Both sides accused the other party of violating the cease-fire agreement and launching the first military attack. < p > < p > Iranian media reported that since the outbreak of a new round of conflict in the Naka area, some shells aimed at Naka targets have strayed into the northern border of Iran, causing injuries and building damage. Iran cannot accept any mortar shells and missiles falling into its territory, and will not allow foreign armed personnel who have been fighting Iran for many years to approach the border, Reuters reported. The Armenian ambassador to Russia previously claimed that Turkey had dispatched 4000 armed personnel from northern Syria to Azerbaijan, which was denied by the Azerbaijani and Turkish governments. On the other hand, Russian President Vladimir Putin held a telephone conversation with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev on the 7th. This is the first time since the outbreak of a new round of conflict in Naka. According to a news announcement in Azerbaijan, Aliyev called Putin and congratulated him on his birthday. At the same time, the two sides exchanged views on the situation in Naka and the prospects of bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Russia. According to the analysis of public opinion, if the conflict between Armenian and Azerbaijani in nagorna escalates into war, Turkey and Russia may be involved. As a member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Armenia has an alliance with Russia.