Half a year later, why has the anti epidemic in this area become a “war of attrition”?

Since Brazil confirmed the first new crown case in Latin America on February 26, the new crown epidemic has spread in Latin America for half a year. At present, it has not yet ushered in an inflection point, and the anti epidemic has developed into a “war of attrition”. < / P > < p > Latin America’s multi-national anti epidemic policies are “tightening in the front and loosening in the back”, and the epidemic situation is “catching up”, which stimulates structural risks such as the collapse of the medical system, serious economic recession, and the outbreak of social contradictions. < / P > < p > according to the statistics of new crown disease in Latin America, the total number of confirmed cases in Latin America and the Caribbean exceeded 7 million on the 27th. Among the 10 countries with the largest number of confirmed cases in the world, five Latin American countries are on the list. The number of deaths in the American continent has doubled in the past six weeks, and the number of new confirmed cases has more than doubled, the director of the Pan American Health Organization, carlissa Etienne, said on the 25th. Young people have become one of the main driving factors for the spread of the epidemic in the Americas. At the beginning of August, most of Mexico’s state epidemic alert was downgraded, and 32 of the 44 districts with the highest Red Alert were highly or ultra highly marginalized. In Bolivia, Guatemalan and other countries, the phenomenon of “lying dead on the street” was not handled in time. < / P > < p > jujui Province, located on the northern border of Argentina, was once known as a “successful case of anti epidemic”, until June, only 5 cases were confirmed. After the gradual resumption of work and production and the resumption of large-scale activities, the number of confirmed cases suddenly increased to three figures in August, reaching 6600 at the end of the month. According to the report of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, most of the essential medical products in Latin American countries need to be imported across regions. Since August, Peru, Mexico and some Central American countries have been in urgent need of medical materials, especially medical personnel protective equipment, ventilator and other professional materials, which has led to an increase in death cases of medical personnel and poor treatment of critically ill patients. < / P > < p > analysts pointed out that the high degree of urbanization in Latin American countries, the population clustering and poor health conditions in some marginalized neighborhoods, coupled with insufficient government testing, poor management and frequent population flow, caused the late outbreak of the epidemic. Although some Central American countries earlier launched anti epidemic measures such as “city closure”, “home isolation” and curfew, due to the economic pressure and earlier lifting of the measures, coupled with the increased mobility of people after the lifting of the closure, the people relaxed their vigilance and other factors, the epidemic rebounded. < / P > < p > a number of organizations and institutions have lowered their Latin American economic forecasts several times this year. Although Latin America’s economy showed a recovery momentum in August, the pressure of fiscal expenditure in various countries is high, the recovery level of pillar industries is limited, and it is expected that it will take quite a long time for the regional economy to recover to the pre epidemic level. According to the data released by ECLAC in July, Latin America’s GDP will decline by 9.1% in 2020, the poverty rate will rise by 37.7%, and more than 98 million Latin American people will fall into extreme poverty. The Gini index of Latin American countries rose to 7.8%, exacerbating inequality in development. Latin America may usher in a “century recession”. < / P > < p > Latin American countries successively released GDP data for the second quarter. Mexico fell 18.7% year on year, its worst performance in 30 years. Colombia fell 15.7% year-on-year, the biggest drop on record. Peru fell 30.2% year on year, the worst in history. < / P > < p > the Brazilian government recently said that the emergency relief plan for the new epidemic may be extended to the end of this year, but due to the poor financial situation, the deferred subsidy level may be reduced to one-third of the original level. < / P > < p > as one of the pillar industries, Mexico’s automobile manufacturing industry shows signs of recovery for the first time since June, and is expected to bottom out and rebound within this year. However, experts predict that it may usher in a “lost three-year” development risk period. After months of negotiations, the Argentine government announced in early August that it had successfully reached a nearly $70 billion debt restructuring agreement with international creditors. Gustavo NEFA, an Argentine economist, said that although in the short term this will help eliminate the uncertainty of Argentina’s financial market, enhance macroeconomic stability, and promote the recovery of foreign exchange reserves, Argentina’s financial system is still very fragile, and the government needs to continue to discuss related debt issues and make great efforts to restore confidence in the investment market. < / P > < p > since August, people in Mexico, Panama, Argentina and other countries have held many activities due to high unemployment rate, shortage of medical supplies, dissatisfaction with anti epidemic measures, accusation of government corruption, and even caused casualties. < / P > < p > the Panama chamber of Commerce for trade, industry and Agriculture said that the proportion of informal employees in Latin America is significant, and the rising unemployment rate, high mobility of personnel and wide range of contacts have increased the difficulty of epidemic prevention and control. < p > < p > Li Haomin, assistant researcher of the Institute of Latin American Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that affected by the epidemic, Latin American governments can not change the unequal development model and structural contradictions in the short term, which will lead to more imbalanced social structure, further deepening economic crisis, causing political instability and other unstable factors, and Latin American countries may fall into a deeper development trap.