Beijing, Oct. 29: from “live long” to “live well” — the overall strength of China’s health and health undertakings has increased significantly during the 13th Five Year Plan period < / P > < p > < p > during the 13th Five Year Plan period, China has made every effort to promote the construction of a healthy China, promote the transformation from a disease-centered to a health-centered one, and the basic medical and health system with Chinese characteristics has been basically established, and the public health service system has been covered Covering the whole people, the overall strength of China’s health undertakings has been significantly improved. < / P > < p > “from 2015 to the end of 2019, the average life expectancy of Chinese residents has increased from 76.3 years to 77.3 years. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China’s major health indicators are generally better than the average level of middle and high-income countries. ” Yu Xuejun, deputy director of the National Health Commission, solemnly announced this exciting message at a press conference held by the State Council of new technology on the 28th. < / P > < p > increase 1 year in 4 years! Before the founding of new China, the average life expectancy in China was only 35 years old, less than half of what it is now. Looking back on the 13th five year plan, China attaches great importance to people’s health work. At the 2016 national health and health conference, it was emphasized that people’s health should be given priority to development. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made a major decision to “promote the construction of a healthy China”. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China promoted the implementation of the strategy of healthy China to the overall national strategic level and made overall planning. In order to make people “live longer”, Yu Xuejun said that the proportion of personal health expenditure in total health expenditure decreased from 29.3% in 2015 to 28.4% in 2019, the lowest level since the new century. Focusing on the two core areas of disease prevention and health promotion, China has launched 15 major special actions to promote the people not to get sick and less to get sick. < / P > < p > in order to make the people “live better”, the coverage of basic medical insurance in China is stable at more than 95%, and the number of essential drugs has increased from 520 to 685. At the same time, we should pay more attention to prevention and health promotion, pay more attention to the sinking of work focus and resources, and strive to meet the diversified and differentiated health needs of the masses. < p > < p > in 2019, the world famous medical journal The Lancet published a Chinese special issue, which included 14 articles. It summarized and sorted out China’s experience from the perspective of healthy China and public health, fully affirmed China’s work in promoting the construction of a healthy China, and highly appreciated the achievements made in public health. Health care reform is a worldwide problem. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the continuous reform of the medical and health system has brought a real sense of gain to 1.4 billion people. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China continued to incorporate the deepening of medical reform into the overall plan of comprehensively deepening the reform and made overall efforts, especially focusing on the problem of “it is difficult to see a doctor and expensive to see a doctor”, which is reflected by the masses, and has achieved positive results. In terms of “difficult to see a doctor”, the “13th five year plan” mainly focuses on promoting the sinking and balanced allocation of high-quality medical resources. Considering the factors such as the flow direction of diseases, pilot projects of regional medical center construction have been carried out orderly in 8 provinces, and 84% of county-level hospitals have reached the level of hospitals above grade II. In 2019, the treatment rate of common diseases and frequently occurring diseases in counties has reached about 90%. < / P > < p > in Zhejiang Province, e-health card and e-Social security card have been integrated into a “one card card”. A small change has reduced the number of links for patients to go to the hospital from 8 to 3, and the queue for payment has been greatly reduced. According to Mao Qun’an, director of the planning department of the National Health Commission, by the end of 2019, 258 prefectures and cities have realized the one-way card for medical treatment in their regions. At present, there are 900 Internet hospitals in China. The telemedicine collaboration network covers more than 24000 medical institutions in all prefecture level cities, and more than 5500 hospitals above the second level can provide online services. The online services such as appointment diagnosis and treatment, treatment navigation and mobile payment are generally implemented in the hospitals above the second level. The appointment rate of tertiary hospitals was more than 50%. < p > < p > < p > in the aspect of “expensive to see a doctor”, the breakthrough point of the 13th five year plan is to reduce the drug price. The price of the first batch of 25 pilot drugs dropped by 52% on average, and then extended to the whole country. The price of the second batch of selected drugs decreased by 53%. Zero tariff will be imposed on imported anticancer drugs. All drugs and consumables bonus will be cancelled. The standard of financial subsidy per capita has been raised year by year. China has hitherto unknown strategic success in novel coronavirus pneumonia, which
has achieved. This has made all parties more deeply aware of the importance of implementing the healthy China strategy and preventing and controlling major diseases, especially infectious diseases, to ensure the long-term stability of the country. < / P > < p > “anti epidemic practice has proved that China’s public health service system, medical service system, medical security system, drug supply security system and major epidemic prevention and emergency management system are effective in general.” Yu Xuejun said. < p > < p > from 2016 to 2020, the state has allocated 141.5 billion yuan of investment within the central budget, supporting more than 8000 public health projects, including the construction of the CDC, an increase of 23% over the total investment in the 12th Five Year Plan. A public health service system covering the whole people has been basically established with specialized public health institutions such as disease prevention and control, emergency treatment and health supervision as the backbone. China novel coronavirus pneumonia is not only responding to the new crown pneumonia epidemic situation, but also successfully treated the outbreak of influenza A (H1N1), H7N9 and Ebola fever in 13th Five-Year. The incidence rate of major infectious diseases has dropped significantly.
has also been successfully treated. In addition, China has taken off its hepatitis B status. The premature mortality rate of major chronic diseases in 2019 was 10.8% lower than that in 2015. If there is no national health, there will be no well-off society in an all-round way. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China has integrated health into all policies, and the overall strength of health and health undertakings has been significantly improved, and the achievements have not been easy. Towards the new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, the health and health undertakings will make great strides forward to guarantee the people’s health in an all-round and all-round way.