Foreign media: it has been five years since the outbreak of the refugee crisis in Europe, and the epidemic has intensified the refugee crisis

It has been five years since the outbreak of the refugee crisis in Europe. On August 31, the BBC reported that 2015 was a year of changing the European continent: “the influx of more than one million refugees into Europe has triggered a humanitarian crisis and a political crisis in Europe. Many refugees died in the middle of the road, some countries opened their arms, others put up walls and closed their borders. ” Turkey’s “daily morning news” pointed out on the 30th that five years later, Europe is still stuck in the deadlock of the refugee crisis. < / P > < p > in recent years, the local wars against West Asia and North Africa led by the United States and participated by European countries, as well as other factors, have led to instability in West Asia and North Africa. In the first half of 2015, wars continued in Syria, Libya and other countries, the activities of the extremist organization “Islamic state” were rampant, and Afghanistan made a comeback, resulting in a large number of refugees fleeing to Europe, which made Europe encounter the largest refugee flow since World War II. < / P > < p > in August 2015, the tide of refugees reached its peak. German Chancellor Angela Merkel made the decision to open the German border and said the famous sentence “we can do it” at a press conference, enabling a large number of refugees to enter Germany. In September of the same year, under the promotion of Germany, the European Commission adopted a plan to require Member States to accept 160000 refugees according to the quota. < p > < p > Turkey’s daily morning post recalled that the EU’s “refugee apportionment” program has never been effectively implemented, and only a small number of refugees have been properly resettled. The actions of Germany and other countries to open their borders and accept refugees aroused opposition from Hungary and other central European countries. Subsequently, the support rate of populist parties against immigration in Western Europe also surged. According to the report, < p > < p > due to the lack of consensus among countries, many borders in the Schengen zone have been re regulated. At the same time, many governments have gradually tightened laws to restrict the right of asylum or improve the standard of asylum. An anonymous French official recently told the daily morning post: “France has rejected a large number of asylum applications for insufficient reasons. Even so, over the past five years, the scale of informal refugee camps in the port cities of northern France has continued to expand. ” < / P > < p > according to the relevant provisions of the EU Dublin convention, the first country of entry of refugees should be responsible for refugee affairs, including rescue, reception, registration and repatriation if necessary. Some analysts say that due to geographical factors, Italy and Greece are directly facing a large number of refugees who go to Europe by sea, and often become the first countries of entry. However, compared with France, Germany and other countries, they rarely become the target countries for refugees to apply for asylum, so refugees can freely flow to other Schengen countries. Therefore, these “front-line countries” have relatively loose control over refugees, while central and Eastern European countries have less control over refugees We should strengthen border control. Italy was once regarded by other European countries as “the leak of illegal immigrants in Europe” because it allowed a large number of refugee applicants and illegal immigrants to enter. The analysis points out that EU member states lack a unified standard for refugees applying for asylum, which makes it difficult to deal with the refugee crisis. < / P > < p > in addition to the lack of unified management of refugees within the EU, Turkey, which is geographically in the “front line” of receiving refugees, also frequently puts pressure on the EU. In 2016, the EU and Turkey reached an agreement on cooperation to solve the refugee crisis. The European Union has promised to provide 6 billion euros in aid to Turkey on the condition that Turkey will restrict the flow of refugees to Europe through Turkey. However, due to the fact that EU countries have not paid Turkey in full, the Turkish government has repeatedly threatened to relax restrictions on refugees and illegal immigrants and allow them to enter the EU. According to the United Nations report, Turkey currently hosts about 3.7 million Syrian refugees, and more than 1 million refugees gather in the border area between Syria and Turkey, ready to enter turkey at any time. At the end of February this year, the Turkish government once decided to “open the gate” and no longer prevent refugees from Syria and other countries from going to Europe by land or sea from Turkey, causing great pressure on the EU border. One disaster after another was the

‘s novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in 2020. On August 28, CNN commented: “the epidemic has exacerbated the refugee crisis in Europe.”

reported that the novel coronavirus pneumonia has been devastated by the outbreak of the new North African economy, and the continued war in Libya and other countries has increased the number of illegal immigrants and refugees to Europe this year compared with 2019. According to statistics released by the international organization for migration, as of the end of July, nearly 27000 illegal immigrants and refugees have entered the EU this year. According to the report issued by the European border agency, there is a high probability that there will be more large-scale refugee flows in the coming months. < / P > < p > EU member states have great differences on the reform of refugee asylum system, and the refugee crisis is difficult to solve. “The refugee crisis has exposed structural flaws and political differences in Europe,” said Mary desammer, an expert at the European policy center, in Turkey’s daily morning news on August 30 < / P > < p > German Interior Minister zekhofer recently said that Germany hopes to break the deadlock of member states in dealing with the refugee issue during its rotating presidency of the European Union in the second half of this year. According to the daily morning post, Germany advocates a preliminary screening of refugees seeking asylum at the external borders of the European Union, and the European border and coast guard should repatriate those whose asylum applications have been rejected. For those refugees rescued at sea, Germany calls for the development of corresponding programs to resettle them to EU member states that are willing to accept refugees, and those that are unwilling to accept refugees can be replaced by financial assistance. < / P > < p > but the daily morning post also pointed out that even such a compromise is not enough to make up for the existing loopholes in the EU system. Didier Lesch, head of the French Immigration and integration Bureau, said: “the criteria for approving asylum applications in various EU member states are inconsistent. If this problem is not solved, it is impossible to reach a unified policy.”