According to a comprehensive report on August 7, the massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, has killed and injured thousands of people, causing direct and indirect losses of up to $15 billion. At present, the rescue operation is still in tense. Rescuers said there was a “good chance” of finding survivors. Meanwhile, the government of Lebanon has launched an investigation into the explosion, and the investigation committee has been asked to submit a report within four days. Some official sources attributed the incident to “inaction and negligence”. < / P > < p > according to the latest data of the Ministry of health in Lebanon, at least 137 people have been killed and about 5000 people have been injured in the big explosion in Beirut port area. As search and rescue operations continue, the death toll is likely to rise further. < / P > < p > citizens of many countries were also injured or killed in the explosion. The State Department said one American citizen was killed and several others were injured. A staff member of the German Embassy in Beirut was also killed in the explosion. In Australia, the Philippines and Bangladesh, citizens were killed in the explosions. This catastrophic event has also had a huge impact on the economy and society of Lebanon. Beirut governor abd said the damage caused by the explosion could exceed the previously announced $5 billion to $15 billion. In the face of many problems, such as the destruction of granaries and the obstruction of port freight transportation, Lebanon’s economic minister nahelm said on the 6th that the country had no economic capacity to deal with the consequences of the explosion independently, and the solution would be to cooperate with the International Monetary Fund. According to reports, Lebanon was once the economic and financial center of the Middle East, with banking, shipping, tourism, education, press and publishing among the best in the Middle East, and Beirut, the capital, is known as “the little Paris of the Middle East”. After 15 years of civil war, Lebanon’s dominant position has been basically lost. In addition, the economic situation has deteriorated seriously in recent years, and the debt burden is heavy. Therefore, the people’s livelihood in Lebanon is difficult. At present, the search and rescue work is still in progress. The government of Lebanon announced a two-week state of emergency in Beirut on the 5th and handed over security control to the army. A large area around the site of the explosion was sealed off, and troops and rescue workers were searching for survivors under the ruins, as well as ships searching coastal waters. < / P > < p > search and rescue personnel believe that there is a “great chance” to find survivors. Generally speaking, there is a high probability of finding survivors within 72 hours of a disaster, said ehart, head of operations at the federal agency for technical assistance. However, due to the shortage of electricity, the rescue work in the night has been hindered. In addition, Lebanon’s public health minister Hassan said the country’s health sector lacks beds and equipment needed to treat the wounded and care for critically ill patients. < / P > < p > it was reported that the St. George’s hospital near the scene of the explosion was seriously damaged and several staff members were killed. According to who, three hospitals in Beirut have been closed and two others are only partially operational. French President Marcon arrived in Lebanon on the 6th and went to the scene of the explosion to learn about the situation. “I want to organize European cooperation and, more broadly, international cooperation,” said marklon France has sent two planes carrying experts, rescue personnel and supplies to Beirut. The information service of the Russian Ministry of emergency situations said on the 6th that experts from the Ministry had deployed a mobile hospital of the central air rescue team in Beirut, with rescue rooms and surgical rooms. A team from Moscow Institute of pediatric surgery, emergency surgery and trauma was also sent to Beirut to provide medical assistance to the injured. < / P > < p > the European Union has convened emergency rescue personnel and equipment, and sent more than 100 firefighters equipped with vehicles and sniffer dogs. Iraq has sent six trucks of medical supplies and an emergency medical team, while Egypt and Jordan are providing supplies for field hospitals. In response, the government of Lebanon has set up a commission of inquiry to investigate. Lebanon’s foreign minister Webbe said on the 6th that the government has given the “investigation committee” four days to determine responsibility for the explosion. “This morning, it was decided to set up a commission of inquiry, which must provide a detailed report on responsibility within up to four days – what’s going on, who, what’s going on, where? There will be judicial decisions. ” Several government officials said the explosion could have been caused by 2750 tons of ammonium nitrate stored in the port warehouse. Lebanon’s president ORN said on the 4th that this part of ammonium nitrate has been stored in the port warehouse for six years and lacks safety measures, which is “unacceptable”. According to Reuters, an official source familiar with the preliminary investigation attributed the incident to “inaction and negligence” and said “no measures were taken” to remove harmful substances.