Can the final peace agreement bring real peace to Sudan

The transitional government of Sudan and the “revolutionary front of Sudan” signed a preliminary peace agreement on the day. This is seen as an important step towards the restoration of peace in the conflict zone in the Sudan. The two sides are scheduled to sign a final peace agreement in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, on October 3. Since its independence in 1956, Sudan, located in northeast Africa, has been in constant civil war. The comprehensive peace agreement signed in 2005 ended the North South war in Sudan, and the Republic of South Sudan was established in July 2011. However, the conflict in Sudan did not end with it. By that time, the conflict in Darfur had been going on for many years. Before and after the independence of South Sudan, new conflicts broke out in southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. At the end of the year, a large number of mass protests broke out in Sudan, which was facing a serious economic crisis. In April 2019, President Bashir’s government was overthrown in a military coup. Since then, the transitional government has made the realization of comprehensive peace a priority task, hoping to end the civil war and revive the economy as soon as possible. In October of the same year, the Prime Minister of the transitional government, Abdallah hamduk, began negotiations with representatives of armed opposition forces in Juba. The two sides signed a preliminary peace agreement at the end of August this year. The move was widely welcomed by the international community, and UN Secretary General Guterres praised it as a “historic achievement”. Zhang ChuChu, an associate researcher at the school of international relations and public affairs of Fudan University, believes that, as the key armed faction in Darfur, the attitude of nur faction undoubtedly sends a negative signal to the peace process in Sudan, which is worrying.