Biden’s South Asia strategy or continuity

On January 10, Michael kugelman, senior researcher on South Asia at Woodrow Wilson Center for international scholars, published an article entitled “what’s the difference between Biden’s South Asia strategy and Trump’s?”? 》The article holds that although Biden may intend to carry out a comprehensive foreign policy restart, the South Asia policy that Biden government may adopt will be an exception, which shows a great continuity compared with the South Asia policy implemented by trump government. The full text is excerpted as follows: < / P > < p > the foreign policy of US President elect Biden will be very different from that of Donald Trump. Biden vowed to restore the U.S. leadership in the world, attach importance to international diplomacy, repair the relationship between the United States and its allies, and advocate democracy and human rights overseas. He intends to undo the dramatic changes made by the trump administration to US foreign policy – changes that he sees as harmful. < / P > < p > although Biden may plan to conduct a comprehensive foreign policy restart, the South Asia policy that Biden administration may adopt will be an exception, which shows a great continuity compared with the South Asia policy pursued by trump administration. < / P > < p > like trump, Biden strongly supports the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan. He also supported the establishment of a cooperative relationship between the United States and Pakistan aimed at ensuring that Pakistan can help Afghanistan advance its fledgling fragile peace process. < / P > < p > at the same time, as during the trump administration, other countries in South Asia will receive less strategic attention. The attention these regions will receive will be mainly focused on us China competition. Therefore, Biden is expected to change Washington’s current foreign policy, but not its current South Asia strategy. However, Biden will take a different approach to foreign policy from Trump, which will have a considerable impact on South Asia, and may even bring some new consequences to the region – both good and bad. < / P > < p > Washington’s important partnership with India needs no fear of undue interference. Nor will Washington’s delicate relationship with Pakistan be ruined by sudden moves, such as a sudden decision to cut security aid. < / P > < p > secondly, Biden’s stance on anti-terrorism is particularly tough. Biden is expected to put pressure on him to suspend further U.S. troop withdrawals from Afghanistan until the rebels stop working with Al Qaeda. He may also step up pressure on Pakistan to shut down its “terrorist network against India”. < / P > < p > moreover, Biden’s attitude towards the three main US rivals Iran, China and Russia may be different from Trump’s, which will have an obvious impact on South Asia. Biden will seek to slightly improve U.S. relations with Iran and China, while his attitude toward Russia will be stronger than that of trump. < / P > < p > for New Delhi and Islamabad, even a slight improvement in US Iran relations is a good thing, because they both attach importance to business cooperation with Tehran and hope that the United States will relax sanctions against Iraq. Pakistan would be pleased to see an improvement in U.S. – China relations, which it hopes will improve relations between its number one ally, China, and Washington. < / P > < p > for India, the growing tension in US Russian relations is an unwelcome development, because the friendship it has established with Moscow is one of several deep-rooted sticking points in us Indian relations. Finally, Biden emphasized the promotion of democracy and human rights. This means that South Asian countries may be targeted by Washington. For strategic reasons, Biden may be relatively cautious when dealing with India, but Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka may find that they are frequently severely criticized by the US side. < / P > < p > in short, Biden’s South Asia Policy during his term of office will rarely maintain continuity. However, the great changes that Biden administration will bring to US foreign policy will still affect its South Asia strategy and bring new opportunities and challenges to the region.