American experts and scholars reflect on epidemic response

At present, the epidemic situation in the United States is still in a high plateau period, and the number of new coronavirus infections and deaths is still rising. Experts and scholars in the United States began to reflect deeply, pointing out that some politicians in the United States politicize the epidemic, and pay too much attention to capital profits in economy, which increase the difficulty of epidemic prevention and control. < / P > < p > according to the data of Johns Hopkins University real-time epidemic monitoring system, as of the morning of August 13, US Eastern time, the number of new coronavirus infections in the United States has exceeded 5.2 million, and the number of deaths has exceeded 166000. Previously, the number of confirmed cases in the United States rose from 4 million to 5 million, taking only 17 days. In the face of the serious loss of public health and social economy caused by the epidemic, many experts and scholars in the United States are further reflecting on the epidemic response. How to balance the epidemic prevention and economic restart has become a highly politicized issue in the United States. In view of the new round of rapid spread of the epidemic, health experts generally believe that many local states restart the economy prematurely is the main reason. “We’re opening up too fast. We reopened the bar, we reopened the nightclub, all of which combine to make us where we are today. ” “As a country, we waste time and our political leaders don’t do what they should do,” Ashish jaha, director of the Harvard Institute for global health, told NBC < / P > < p > “politicizing the epidemic, leading to the United States becoming the global epidemic center.” According to an article in Newsweek. Kentucky Senator Rand Paul is a well-known conservative. He was infected with the new coronavirus as early as March this year. However, according to CNN and other media reports, this experience has not changed his attitude towards epidemic prevention and control. At a congressional hearing, he publicly questioned the expertise of health experts such as Antony fudge, director of the National Institute of allergy and infectious diseases. On the issue of the new vaccine, Paul declared: “I support the vaccine to some extent, but at the same time, I also support personal freedom.” < / P > < p > not long ago, the famous economist Paul Krugman criticized the politicization of economic restart in a column. He stressed that the response to the epidemic in the United States is “a failure at the epidemiological and economic levels” and that “the freedom described by conservative politicians is actually a lack of sense of responsibility”. < / P > < p > “for decades, the policy decisions made by the U.S. government, without exception, are generally biased towards the interests of the private sector, especially large companies, while ignoring the interests of the state and workers. It has proved to be a huge loss to our health and economy. ” In a critical article on the response to the epidemic in the United States, American columnist Lana froehal wrote. < / P > < p > according to the associated press and other media reports, as early as 2018, the White House National Security Council began to disband the team responsible for dealing with the epidemic. In recent years, when preparing the budget, the federal government has repeatedly asked to reduce the budget of the United States Centers for Disease Control and prevention and other federal public health agencies. The situation at the local level is also not optimistic. According to the National Institutes of health, since 2008, local public health agencies in the United States have laid off nearly 60000 people, equivalent to one fourth of their employees. The CDC’s emergency preparedness budget, the main source of federal funding for these agencies, has also been cut by 30% since 2003. < / P > < p > the New York Times survey found that the United States had a chance to solve the problem of ventilator shortage. As early as 13 years ago, the U.S. government realized the importance of increasing the national strategic reserve of ventilators, and handed over the procurement contract of developing a new generation of ventilators with lower cost to a California enterprise named Newport medical devices. In 2012, the company was acquired by Kehui medical, a large enterprise, and the plan to develop a new generation of ventilators was immediately shelved. Some people in the industry pointed out that the original intention of Kehui’s acquisition decision is to prevent Newport from developing a new generation of ventilators, so as not to affect the profit of Kehui’s original ventilator business. The New York Times analysis pointed out that “it is dangerous to completely outsource projects with significant public health impact to private enterprises. The private sector’s focus on profit maximization is not always consistent with the government’s goal of preparing for future crises. ” According to Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Laureate in economics, “in the face of crises such as epidemics or hurricanes, collective action is needed, and we should not rely too much on the private sector. Unfortunately, the American mantra has always been, “the government can’t solve our problems. The government is the problem.” < / P > < p > not long ago, Arizona, located in the southwest of the United States, witnessed a protest against the “home order” for several days, which is one of the most serious epidemic areas in the United States. According to NBC’s Phoenix local radio station, state congressman Kelly Townsend called on the state government to repeal the “home order” at the rally. At the end of the protest, organizers also asked the participants to hold hands to challenge the “social distance” advocated by health experts during the outbreak. The Washington Post report further pointed out that wearing masks as a simple anti epidemic measure has become a declaration of political and partisan positions in the United States. “For some people, wearing a mask is a declaration involving a wider range of beliefs and political inclinations. This has happened before in the United States – motorcyclists wearing helmets, wearing seat belts in cars, smoking bans in restaurants, all of which have sparked debates about personal freedom. ” < / P > < p > health experts are worried about the obstacles that this culture of “individualism” has brought to the fight against the epidemic in the United States. “Individualism in the United States may complicate public health measures,” Anthony fudge said in an interview “When dealing with infectious diseases, a small number of people who do not comply with the rules will have an impact on the whole society,” he stressed