A song of triumph and a monument forever in history

Beijing, October 22: a song of triumph and a monumental monument in the annals of history — written on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Chinese people’s Volunteers’ War to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea’s war, the Chinese special plane taking off from Incheon Airport of South Korea landed at Shenyang Taoxian International Airport on September 27, 2020, carrying the remains of 117 Chinese people’s Volunteer Army martyrs. < / P > < p > “brothers, you are back at last Li Weibo, 88, a volunteer veteran with hoarse voice and moist eyes, “the motherland and the people have not forgotten you!” < p > < p > 70 years ago, the heroic officers and soldiers of the Chinese people’s Volunteer Army, holding high the banner of justice to defend peace and resist aggression, crossed the Yalu River with the Korean people and army, and won the great victory of the war of resistance against the United States and the Korean aid Korea after two years and nine months of bloody struggle. The great victory inspires us not to believe that there are tasks that cannot be accomplished, difficulties that cannot be overcome, and enemies that cannot be overcome. < p > < p > a four hole bridge stands in the Yalu River in autumn, with bullet holes on the steel beams, telling the story of the past. This destroyed bridge has become the memory coordinate of the war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea. < / P > < p > “no songs, no flowers, everything is going on in the dark.” Wu Songlin, an 88 year old volunteer veteran, recalled, “there is only one thing in our hearts: to protect our country!” < / P > < p > on June 25, 1950, the Korean civil war broke out. The Truman government of the United States brazenly intervened in the war, and the so-called “United Nations forces” assembled to launch a comprehensive war against North Korea. The Korean War rapidly evolved from a civil war into an international local war of aggression and anti aggression. In spite of the Chinese government’s repeated warnings, the United States crossed the 38th parallel and went straight to the Yalu River and Tumen River on the Sino Korean border, and sent planes to bomb cities and villages along the northeast border of China, burning the flames of war on the territory of the new people’s Republic of China. Gao Zhenzhen, an announcer at the memorial hall for anti US aggression and aid Korea, said: “my grandfather told me that he was 18 years old and worked as an apprentice in a shop on the third road in Dandong. Fortunately, he escaped the plane bombing, and a deep pit was blown out underground, and the water in the pit was dyed red with blood.” On September 30 of that year, Zhou Enlai, premier of the Government Council and Minister of foreign affairs, issued a clear warning: “the Chinese people will never tolerate foreign aggression, nor will they allow the imperialists to wantonly invade their neighbors.” < p > < p > on October 1, the South Korean army crossed the 38th line, and the US Army also crossed the 38th line, rapidly advancing towards the Korean Chinese border, ready to occupy the whole of Korea. From October 25, 1950 to June 10, 1951, the Chinese people’s volunteer army launched five large-scale campaigns in succession, which fundamentally changed the situation of the Korean War, stabilized the front line near the 38th line, and forced the “United Nations army” to turn into strategic defense. The armistice negotiations have been going on intermittently for two years. On July 27, 1953, the armistice agreement was signed. The Chinese people’s Volunteer Army and the Korean people’s army fought side by side, defeated the “United Nations army” led by the United States and won the war. < / P > < p > “the great war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea is a just war to defend peace and resist aggression.” He Lei, specially appointed chief expert of the Academy of Military Sciences, said that the source of strength of the Chinese people’s Volunteer Army and the fundamental reason for its victory are the justice of the great struggle to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea. It is precisely because of the just war that the soldiers and soldiers of the volunteer army will have a strong fighting spirit and high morale, and they can constantly create the miracles of war that startle the world and cry ghosts and gods. It is precisely because of the just war that the people of the whole country will unite and share a common hatred against the enemy, “some people will produce people, the money will be paid, and the food will be provided”, which will set off an upsurge of joining the army and supporting the front line. It is precisely because of the just war that peace loving countries and people all over the world will sympathize with, support and assist the people of China and North Korea. In the end, the division of justice won the war, disrupted the deployment of imperialist expansion of sphere of influence, and maintained peace in Asia and the world. On October 25, 1950, Li Xiangyu, an 18-year-old soldier of the 40th army of the volunteer army, ran into the vanguard troops of the South Korean army in the mountains of North Korea. On this day, the volunteers fought fiercely with the South Korean army in liangshuidong, Yunshan in the West and huangcaoling in the East, opening the prelude to the war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea. < / P > < p > “on the road between Wen Tseng and the two water caves, 118 division of our 40th army adopted the method of blocking the head, cutting off the tail and bending down, and wiped out one battalion of the South Korean army in one hour.” Li Xiangyu recalled. October 25 was later designated as the anniversary of the Chinese people’s Volunteer Army’s war against U.S. aggression and aid Korea. On the journey from victory to victory, the people’s army has set up a shining coordinate. On November 1, the 1st division of the US Cavalry, known as the “Founding Fathers division”, assembled in the town of Nyun Shan, an important transportation hub in North Korea, and prepared to continue its attack northward. < p > did not expect China to join the war. Under the cover of artillery fire, the 39th volunteer army launched an attack on Yunshan. The volunteers entered the city and found that the opponent was the trump card division of the US Army. The officers and soldiers were full of blood, and their fighting spirit was even higher: “you are the ace in the game!” In the first battle, more than 15000 enemy troops were annihilated by the volunteers, and the “United Nations army” was pushed back to the south of the Qingchuan river. With victory, the Korean war situation was initially stabilized and a firm foothold was established. On November 21, the 7th Division of the United States advanced to Huishan town by the Yalu River. On the 24th, the commander-in-chief of the United Nations forces, MacArthur, flew over the Yalu River and announced the beginning of the general offensive to the world. He said, “I hope my words can be fulfilled, that is, the children can go home for Christmas.” Songgufeng, a place name that has made hundreds of millions of Chinese people’s blood boil. At dawn on November 30, 335 regiment of 112th division of 38th army of the Chinese people’s Liberation Army interposed all the way here to pursue the US troops fleeing south. Dozens of us artillery and more than 10 tanks focused on shooting, and dropped a large number of napalm bombs, the position of a sea of fire. Volunteers with full body of fire to the enemy, launched a desperate fight. The tragic battle of songgufeng was written in the article “who is the most lovely person”. Since then, the “most lovely person” has become the glorious title of the volunteers. < p > < p > heavy snow and chilly wind blow to the bone, and the temperature drops to more than 30 degrees below zero. The officers and soldiers of the 9th Corps who entered the imperial court in an emergency were poorly dressed and short of food and ammunition. They launched a fierce attack on the first land division and the seventh infantry division, which are equipped with the most modern weapons and have strong fighting capacity. < / P > < p > “our victory is spelled out!” Chang Zongxin, a 91 year old volunteer veteran, was a general staff officer of the 79th division of the 27th army at that time. I don’t know how many times he returned to the battlefield of Changjin lake, where he fought with blood 70 years ago. “It’s too cold, it’s too cold. There are too many comrades in arms who have been frozen to death. My ears and nasal cavity have been damaged by freezing, and there are still sequelae Under the fierce attack of the volunteers, the U.S. army suffered “the biggest defeat in the history of the army”. In the second campaign to March 8th, the volunteers smashed the “United Nations forces” attempt to occupy the whole of Korea, and completely reversed the Korean war situation. In the first half of 1951, the volunteer army and the “United Nations army” carried out three consecutive campaigns in the north and south areas of the 38th line, forcing the US authorities to adjust the Korean War policy and seek to end the war through armistice negotiations. In the cruel battle, the volunteers fought with the enemy repeatedly in every position, killing and injuring the enemy’s vital strength. Tiande mountain, Ma Liangshan, jinchengchuan Every position of the volunteer army has become the grave of American soldiers. < p > < p > in the battlefield, the U.S. military has used all kinds of new weapons except nuclear weapons, and still can’t take advantage of them. At 10:00 on July 27, 1953, the Korean Armistice Agreement was officially signed in Panmunjom. Mark Clarke, the third commander-in-chief of the United Nations forces, later wrote in his memoir: “I became the first US commander in chief to sign a non victorious armistice agreement in history…” In contrast to Clark’s “disappointment and pain”, Peng Dehuai is proud to declare that “the era of Western invaders who can occupy a country by erecting a few cannons on an eastern coast for hundreds of years is gone.” Zhang Youming, a researcher at the Academy of Military Sciences, believes that in the Korean battlefield, our army has withstood the severe test of modern war, created new tactics and new experience of defeating strong enemies with superior technology with inferior technology and equipment, fully demonstrated our army’s brave and tenacious fighting style, and tempered a large number of military talents who can win the modern war. The baptism of war has promoted the development of China’s military theory and military science and technology, accelerated the process of our army’s transformation from single service operation to joint operation of various services and arms, and pushed our army into a new stage of building a revolutionary, modernized and regularized powerful army. From the war to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea, today’s people’s army, under the guidance of Xi’s military thought, is making great strides to realize the party’s goal of building a strong army in the new era and building a world-class army in an all-round way. < / P > < p > “the war of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea has not only played a song and song of victory, but also forged a great spirit of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea.” Liu Jingyuan, curator of the memorial hall, said, “this spirit is a powerful driving force for us to overcome all difficulties and obstacles on our way forward.” < / P > < p > “I’m a man, and I’m proud to cross the Yalu River. To protect peace and protect the motherland is to protect our hometown… ” 70 years ago, inspired by this indestructible spiritual force, Zhao Yun, a correspondent of the 8th company of the 3rd Battalion, 27th regiment, 1st division of the volunteer army, and his comrades in arms rushed to the Korean battlefield filled with gunpowder one after another. < / P > < p > “the motherland is behind us, and the people are beside us.” Deep love for the motherland and the people is the spiritual pillar of the volunteers. During the days when the volunteers went abroad to fight, there was a huge movement to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea. Young students enthusiastically joined the army. A large number of medical teams, railway staff and migrant workers went to the battlefield. Letters of condolence and bags of sympathy poured into the front line, which greatly inspired the fighting spirit of the soldiers in front of them. At the same time, the vigorous donation of aircraft and artillery campaign is also launched throughout the country. According to incomplete statistics, in just one year, the donation can buy 3710 fighters. Han Decai, a volunteer pilot, flew to the front line with the fighter planes donated by the Chinese people. In an air battle, he shot down the US Air Force ace pilot Fisher. When Fischer is captured, he must see the man who shot him down. Qiu Shaoyun, a soldier of the 15th army, was unfortunately hit by the enemy’s incendiary bomb during the operation. For the victory of the whole battle, he endured the burning pain of the fire and remained motionless until his heroic sacrifice. He was only 26 years old. Han Yuanquan, an old volunteer soldier who carried Qiu Shaoyun’s body down to the battlefield, recalled the scene at that time. He was full of tears: “for a man more than 1.7 meters high, his body was burned only about 70 cm. I will never forget that situation in my life…” < p > < p > dead Eagle Ridge, a place that scares the US military. On November 28, 1950, in the battle of Changjin lake, the 6th company of 177 regiment of 59th division of the 20th army of the Chinese people’s Liberation Army persevered to death in the extremely cold of – 30 ℃