脑机接口人类智能操作系统 BrainOS发布

Recently, brainco, a brain computer interface startup, demonstrated the preliminary results of brainos human brain intelligent operating system at Harvard University in Boston. This release announced that the field of human-computer interaction has entered a new milestone stage. < / P > < p > in the past less than a decade, mobile phones, as a new organ of human beings, seem to have become a reality. We are quickly used to socializing, shopping, fighting and passing the boring time with mobile phones. At the commercial level, the trillions of dollars worth of “creative destruction” of mobile Internet replacing pc internet has completely changed the power of global technology companies. < / P > < p > big tech companies all over the world are paying more attention, and “brain computer interface” has become one of the most discussed and potential directions in the scientific and technological field. < / P > < p > as the name suggests, brain computer interface refers to the establishment of interface and bridge between human brain, machine and Internet, so that the electrical signal of brain can directly interact with the electrical signal of computer, so that the brain can directly connect and communicate with the virtual world. < / P > < p > this technology was first proposed by Professor Widal of UCLA in 1973, but it failed to attract more attention because the computer development level was still relatively elementary at that time. In the 21st century, with the rapid development of computer industry and the pursuit of more efficient human-computer interaction, the research of brain computer interface is put on the agenda again. < / P > < p > in the past decade when mobile phones have become the main channel of human-computer interaction, the subversion of brain computer interface has attracted global attention, and many scientific research teams and Internet giants have invested a lot of resources in this field. < / P > < p > “brain computer interface” seems science fiction, but it’s not far away. At present, the most popular technology concept is neuralink and its high bandwidth brain computer interface system launched by Elon Musk, founder of Tesla, in 2019. According to the data, the project claims to be able to implant chips into the brains of paraplegic patients within a year to help them control mobile phones or computers. < / P > < p > since musk excitedly released neuralink, its technological achievements have aroused the attention of many media, and also let more people understand brain computer interface technology in the form of scientific research papers, image data and other media. Among them, there is a video that many people watch and share to imagine the future human interaction through the brain. The video is actually from a Chinese brain computer interface company, strong brain technology. Recently, the start-up company, founded by researchers from Harvard University’s brain science center, officially launched brainos brain computer interface human brain intelligent operating system based on the idea of brain controlling everything. At present, brain computer interface technology can be divided into two categories. One is BMI, the other is BCI. According to the connection between the system and human brain, it can be divided into invasive and non-invasive brain computer interfaces. As mentioned earlier, neuralink has adopted invasive brain computer interface technology. The technology needs to implant circuits and chips into the human brain through craniotomy. < / P > < p > the advantage of this technology is that it can obtain information directly from the cerebral cortex and avoid the attenuation of nerve signals due to skull barrier. The disadvantages are obvious: there are still risks in craniotomy, and the implanted electrode will be surrounded by scar tissue one year later, affecting the transmission of nerve signals. Therefore, invasive brain computer interface is still aimed at paraplegic patients and other people with special needs, which is difficult to popularize. The brainos system, however, uses non-invasive and non-invasive hybrid brain computer interface technology. By wearing the device, the system can collect and process the EEG and EMG signals of human body. This method does not need to cause a wound to the implant body, which is more ethically acceptable to the general public, and the maintenance cost is lower. < / P > < p > founded in 2015, brainco behind brainos is the first Chinese team incubated by Harvard University’s innovation laboratory. Founder Han Bicheng is a doctor of brain science center of Harvard University. He is the first Chinese scientist to receive an exclusive interview with Forbes on brain computer interface technology. He was once selected as “35 Chinese scientific and technological innovators under the age of 35” in MIT’s MIT science and Technology Review in 2017. The team was incubated by Harvard University and invested by China Electronics, China Merchants capital, Everbright Holdings, co-founder of Tencent, Walden International, CDH investment and other institutions. It is the largest scale financing in the field of non-invasive brain computer interface in recent three years. < / P > < p > different from neuralink, brainco has launched commercially available products based on non-invasive brain computer interface technology: focus concentration training equipment for smart education and brainrobotics intelligent bionic hand for upper limb disabled people. The first of these two products can use EEG neural feedback training to improve cognitive ability, track, quantify and improve concentration data. This product has been tested in many famous middle schools and universities in North America, and has received very positive feedback. Brainrobotics intelligent bionic hand has created a new era of human consciousness control manipulator. It has won many awards in CES, and also won the top 100 innovations of time magazine in 2019, and appeared on the cover of the magazine. In the report of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2019, brain computer interface is listed as one of the eight key technologies of artificial intelligence. But in fact, BCI should be the next generation of AI technology. The reason is that the purpose of artificial intelligence technology is to make machines smarter, while the ultimate goal of brain computer interface is to enhance human beings, including intelligent mechanical prosthesis, neural regulation and cognitive enhancement. For example, the brain computer interface plus autistic brain training system independently developed by brainco is a precise digital drug product specially designed for the core social disorder of autism, which can directly train the brain nerves and significantly improve the effect of behavioral intervention. The system has been successfully implemented in Hangzhou. < / P > < p > based on the prospective understanding of brain computer interface, brainco has proposed a path from the Internet of things, which is now well known to the public, to the AI Internet of things which can interact with intelligent devices through artificial intelligence technology, and finally to the man-machine Internet of things through human brain machine interface technology. < p > < p > brainco believes that with it, human and intelligent devices can interact more directly and intuitively, so that machines can understand not only human instructions, but also human body state. < / P > < p > at this press conference, brainco showed the outside world two products under pre research. One is “mind reading” – brain wave imaging technology, which can use the pattern of brain wave as a condition to restore the picture seen by human eyes or imagined in brain through algorithm. In order to restore the image of human brain, we need to use MRI scanning instrument to reconstruct the image of volunteers by recording the brain reaction of volunteers watching a specific image and comparing it with the neural response database. MRI technology is an implementation of brain computer interface technology, which requires large-scale instruments to complete brain scanning. Brainco’s brain wave imaging technology only collects prefrontal lobe brain waves through three electrodes, and it can achieve preliminary brain wave imaging with algorithm. < / P > < p > the second technology brainco presents to the outside world in this press conference is space typing. After years of research and development, brainco has built a mature EMG control system, which can collect EMG signals of forearm muscle groups, process and accurately determine the user’s hand movement intention. This EMG control system has been applied to the intelligent bionic hand developed by brainco, and has realized the dream of helping disabled girl Lin Anlu to play the piano. This exhibition is an upgraded version of the intelligent bionic hand operating system, which can more accurately identify the EMG signal of the human body, and achieve more refined control in the air. < / P > < p > the brainos brain intelligent operating system is a system developed with the core concept of bmiot. This system can be divided into two parts, one is the application of brain computer interface technology, which enables users to control smart home, car, mobile phone and other external devices through the system; the other is to track and analyze the user status, and provide intervention and suggestions. < / P > < p > in the release of the concept of brainos, brainco described a number of application scenarios of brain control in the future, from home, travel, work, sports and entertainment to cognitive enhancement, industry and medical rehabilitation, covering almost all aspects of modern life. < / P > < p > take the work scenario as an example. According to brainco’s assumption, brain computer interface technology can effectively help people improve work efficiency and simplify all kinds of operations by combining brainos system with all kinds of intelligent terminals. < / P > < p > when the user is using the mobile phone, the device with brain computer interface can detect the user’s EEG signal and send it directly to the intelligent terminal, avoiding the additional operation of the user. For example, when a user receives a call when he is busy with his work, he can directly “think about it” and use brain control to select whether to answer or hang up the call. What’s more, users can even quickly enter the text input mode through specific gestures and input information across the space. < / P > < p > the optimization of work scenarios by brainos does not stop at the level of productivity. It can also help people detect their mental state, prompt users to improve their stress and anxiety in daily life, and suggest users to meditate and relax. When the system enters the rest mode, brainos can generate the corresponding music according to the user’s EEG signal to guide the user into a relaxed state. < / P > < p > in the field of travel, brainos can be combined with intelligent travel devices to provide convenience for travel and ensure travel safety more effectively. When the user enters the garage and is close to the door, the brainos system detects that the vehicle is in the state of control, so that the user can open the door, start the car and open the garage door with the brain control. < / P > < p > more importantly, when users encounter an emergency on the road, the device can sense people’s awareness of avoiding danger in time, and make braking and corresponding avoidance actions faster than people’s response to avoid danger and emergency. < / P > < p > from this part of the concept, we can see the essence of brainos: noninvasive brain computer interface devices will become a bridge between more and more intelligent devices. Brainos is responsible for collecting and translating people’s EEG signals and transmitting them to the machine, so as to realize “brain controlling everything”. < / P > < p > therefore, the implementation of these ideas not only requires brainos’s own continuous R & D iteration, but also depends on the cultivation of brands in various fields for the ecological chain. At present, the company has obtained or is applying for a number of patents related to brain computer interface, including dozens of patents that are extremely consistent with the concept scene, such as car control method based on EEG data, Intelligent Wheelchair Based on brain wave control, human abnormal state monitoring, etc. < / P > < p > brain control of everything will be the future. Such technology will not only be applied in a few fields, but will certainly be an interdisciplinary industry combining brain technology, chip technology and data technology. It can be expected that it will continue to move forward in the game of multiple technology routes and multiple standard ecology. However, the forward-looking layout of brainos in this field has made it a core player that can not be ignored. With the development of brain computer interface technology